List of Figures

View Image Figure 1:
Typical Allan deviations of Cesium clocks and quartz oscillators, plotted as a function of averaging time τ.
View Image Figure 2:
Net fractional frequency shift of a clock in a circular orbit.
View Image Figure 3:
TOPEX clock bias in meters determined from 1,571 observations.
View Image Figure 4:
Rms deviation from mean of TOPEX clock bias determinations.
View Image Figure 5:
Comparison of predicted and measured eccentricity effect for SV nr. 13.
View Image Figure 6:
Generic eccentricity effect for five satellites.