Typical Allan deviations of Cesium clocks and quartz oscillators, plotted as a function of averaging time .
Net fractional frequency shift of a clock in a circular orbit.
TOPEX clock bias in meters determined from 1,571 observations.
Rms deviation from mean of TOPEX clock bias determinations.
Comparison of predicted and measured eccentricity effect for SV nr. 13.
Generic eccentricity effect for five satellites.
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