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4.8 Anisotropy: Connection variables

A densitized triad corresponding to a diagonal homogeneous metric has real components pI with |pI|= aJaK if eIJK = 1 [48Jump To The Next Citation Point]. Connection components are cI = GI + gKI = GI + gaI and are conjugate to the p I, {c ,pJ}= 8pgGdJ I I. In terms of triad variables we now have spin connection components
( K J J K ) GI = 1- p--nJ + p--nK - p--p- nI (35) 2 pJ pK (pI )2
and the Hamiltonian constraint (in the absence of matter)
{ V~ |-2-3|- H = --1-- [(c G + c G - G G )(1 + g-2) - n1c - g-2c c ] ||p-p-|| 8pG 2 3 3 2 2 3 1 2 3 | p1 | V ~ |---|- [ - 2 2 - 2 ] |p1p3| + (c1G3 + c3G1 - G1G3)(1 + g )- n c2 - g c1c3 ||--2-|| V ~ --p---} [ ] || 1 2|| + (c1G2 + c2G1 - G1G2)(1 + g -2)- n3c3 - g -2c1c2 |p-p-| . (36) | p3 |

Unlike in isotropic models, we now have inverse powers of pI even in the vacuum case through the spin connection, unless we are in the Bianchi I model. This is a consequence of the fact that not just extrinsic curvature, which in the isotropic case is related to the matter Hamiltonian through the Friedmann equation, leads to divergences but also intrinsic curvature. These divergences are cut off by quantum geometry effects as before such that also the dynamical behavior changes. This can again be dealt with by effective equations where inverse powers of triad components are replaced by bounded functions [62Jump To The Next Citation Point]. However, even with those modifications, expressions for curvature are not necessarily bounded unlike in the isotropic case. This comes from the presence of different classical scales, aI, such that more complicated expressions as in GI are possible, while in the isotropic model there is only one scale and curvature can only be an inverse power of p, which is then regulated by effective expressions like d(p).


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