1 Aarseth, S.J., “From NBODY1 to NBODY6: The Growth of an Industry”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 111, 1333–1346, (1999).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999PASP..111.1333A.
2 Aarseth, S.J., “Star cluster simulations: The state of the art”, Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron., 73, 127–137, (1999). Related online version (cited on 7 January 1999):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/9901069.
3 Aarseth, S.J., Gravitational N-Body Simulations: Tools and Algorithms, Cambridge Monographs on Mathematical Physics, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.; New York, U.S.A., 2003).
4 Albrow, M.D., Gilliland, R.L., Brown, T.M., Edmonds, P.D., Guhathakurta, P., and Sarajedini, A., “The frequency of binary stars in the core of 47 Tucanae”, Astrophys. J., 559, 1060–1081, (2001). Related online version (cited on 24 May 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0105441.
5 Anderson, J., Cool, A.M., and King, I.R., “A probable dwarf nova outburst in the core of the globular cluster M22”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 597, 137–140, (2003).
6 Angelini, L., Loewenstein, M., and Mushotzky, R.F., “The X-ray globular cluster population in NGC 1399”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 557, L35–L38, (2001). Related online version (cited on 19 July 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0107362.
7 Applegate, J.H., and Shaham, J., “Orbital period variability in the eclipsing pulsar binary PSR B1957+20: Evidence for a tidally powered star”, Astrophys. J., 436, 312–318, (1994).
8 Auriere, M., Le Fevre, O., and Terzan, A., “A possible optical counterpart for the M15 globular cluster X-ray source”, Astron. Astrophys., 138, 415–420, (1984).
9 Bailyn, C.D., “Compact objects in globular clusters”, in Janes, K., ed., The Formation and Evolution of Star Clusters, ASP Conference Series, vol. 13, pp. 307–323, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 1991).
10 Bailyn, C.D., “Blue stragglers and other stellar anomalies: Implications for the dynamics of globular clusters”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 33, 133–162, (1995).
11 Bailyn, C.D., Grindlay, J.E., Cohn, H., and Lugger, P.M., “Color maps of X-ray globular clusters”, Astrophys. J., 331, 303–312, (1988).
12 Balucinska-Church, M., Church, M.J., and Smale, A.P., “The orbital period of the dipping, bursting, globular cluster X-ray source XB 1746-371 from Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer observations”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 347, 334–338, (2004).
13 Bash, F.N., Gebhardt, K., Goss, W.M., and Vanden Bout, P.A., “Very Large Array Limits for Intermediate-Mass Black Holes in Three Globular Clusters”, Astron. J., 135, 182–186, (2008).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AJ....135..182B.
14 Bassa, C., Pooley, D., Homer, L., Verbunt, F., Gaensler, B.M., Lewin, W.H.G., Anderson, S.F., Margon, B., Kaspi, V.M., and van der Klis, M., “X-ray sources and their optical counterparts in the globular cluster M4”, Astrophys. J., 609, 755–765, (2004).
15 Baumgardt, H., “Scaling of N-body calculations”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 325, 1323–1331, (2001). Related online version (cited on 14 December 2000):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0012330.
16 Baumgardt, H., Makino, J., and Hut, P., “Which globular clusters contain intermediate-mass black holes?”, Astrophys. J., 620, 238–243, (2005).
17 Belczynski, K., and Kalogera, V., “A new formation channel for double neutron stars without recycling, implications for gravitational wave detection”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 550, L183–L187, (2001).
18 Belczynski, K., Kalogera, V., and Bulik, T., “A Comprehensive Study of Binary Compact Objects as Gravitational Wave Sources: Evolutionary Channels, Rates, and Physical Properties”, Astrophys. J., 572, 407–431, (2002).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002ApJ...572..407B.
19 Benacquista, M.J., “Gravitational radiation from globular clusters”, Astrophys. J., 520, 233–238, (1999).
20 Benacquista, M.J., “Detecting eccentric globular cluster binaries with LISA”, in Wheeler, J.C., and Martel, H., eds., Relativistic Astrophysics, 20th Texas Symposium, Austin, Texas, 10 – 15 December 2000, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 586, pp. 793–795, (American Institute of Physics, Melville, U.S.A., 2001). Related online version (cited on 6 June 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0106086.
21 Benacquista, M.J., “Gravitational Radiation from Black Hole Binaries in Globular Clusters”, Class. Quantum Grav., 19, 1297–1302, (2002). Related online version (cited on 1 October 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0110016.
22 Benacquista, M.J., Portegies Zwart, S.F., and Rasio, F.A., “LISA sources in globular clusters”, Class. Quantum Grav., 18, 4025–4031, (2001). Related online version (cited on 9 October 2000):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0010020.
23 Bender, P., Ciufolini, I., Danzmann, K., Folkner, W.M., Hough, J., Robertson, D., Rüdiger, A., Sandford, M., Schilling, R., Schutz, B.F., Stebbins, R., Sumner, T., Touboul, P., Vitale, S., Ward, H., Winkler, W., Cornelisse, J., Hechler, F., Jafry, Y., and Reinhard, R., LISA. Laser Interferometer Space Antenna for the detection and observation of gravitational waves. A Cornerstone Project in ESA’s Long Term Space Science Programme “Horizon 2000 Plus”. Pre-Phase A Report, December 1995, MPQ Reports, MPQ-208, (Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Garching, Germany, 1996). Related online version (cited on 31 January 2006):
External Linkhttp://www.mpq.mpg.de/library/mpq-reports.html.
24 Binney, J., and Tremaine, S., Galactic Dynamics, Princeton Series in Astrophysics, (Princeton University Press, Princeton, U.S.A., 1987).
25 Bond, I.A., Abe, F., Eguchi, S., Furuta, Y., Hearnshaw, J.B., Kamiya, K., Kilmartin, P.M., Kurata, Y., Masuda, K., Matsubara, Y., Muraki, Y., Noda, S., Okajima, K., Rattenbury, N.J., Sako, T., Sekiguchi, T., Sullivan, D.J., Sumi, T., Tristram, P.J., Yanagisawa, T., and Yock, P.C.M., “Multiple outbursts of a cataclysmic variable in the globular cluster M22”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 620, 103–106, (2005).
26 Camilo, F., Lorimer, D.R., Freire, P.C.C., Lyne, A.G., and Manchester, R.N., “Observations of 20 millisecond pulsars in 47 Tucanae at 20 centimeters”, Astrophys. J., 535, 975–990, (2000).
27 Camilo, F., Lyne, A.G., Manchester, R.N., Bell, J.F., Stairs, I.H., D’Amico, N., Kaspi, V.M., Possenti, A., Crawford, F., and McKay, N.P.F., “Discovery of five binary radio pulsars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 548, L187–L191, (2001).
28 Camilo, F., and Rasio, F.A., “Pulsars in Globular Clusters”, in Rasio, F.A., and Stairs, I.H., eds., Binary Radio Pulsars, Meeting at the Aspen Center for Physics, Colorado, 12 – 16 January 2004, ASP Conference Series, vol. 328, pp. 147–169, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2005). Related online version (cited on 12 January 2005):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501226.
29 Carney, B.W., “Globular Cluster Systems”, in Carney, B.W., and Harris, W.E., eds., Star Clusters: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 28, Saas-Fee Advanced Courses, vol. 28, pp. 223–408, (Springer, Berlin, Germany; New York, U.S.A., 2001).
30 Carney, B.W., “Stellar Evolution in Globular Clusters”, in Carney, B.W., and Harris, W.E., eds., Star Clusters: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 28, Saas-Fee Advanced Courses, vol. 28, pp. 1–222, (Springer, Berlin, Germany; New York, U.S.A., 2001).
31 Carretta, E., Gratton, R.G., Clementini, G., and Fusi Pecci, F., “Distance, ages, and epoch of formation of globular clusters”, Astrophys. J., 533, 215–235, (2000).
32 Chaboyer, B., “Milky Way Globular Clusters”, personal homepage, Dartmouth College. URL (cited on 31 December 2001):
External Linkhttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~chaboyer/mwgc.html.
33 Cohn, H., “Numerical integration of the Fokker–Planck equation and the evolution of star clusters”, Astrophys. J., 234, 1036–1053, (1979).
34 Colpi, M., Mapelli, M., and Possenti, A., “Probing the presence of a single or binary black hole in the globular cluster NGC 6752 with pulsar dynamics”, Astrophys. J., 599, 1260–1271, (2003).
35 Colpi, M., Possenti, A., and Gualandris, A., “The case of PSR J1911-5958A in the outskirts of NGC 6752: Signature of a black hole binary in the cluster core?”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 570, 85–88, (2002).
36 Cool, A.M., Grindlay, J.E., Cohn, H.N., Lugger, P.M., and Bailyn, C.D., “Cataclysmic variables and a new class of faint ultraviolet stars in the globular cluster NGC 6397”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 508, L75–L79, (1998).
37 Cool, A.M., Piotto, G., and King, I.R., “The main sequence and a white dwarf sequence in the globular cluster NGC 6397”, Astrophys. J., 468, 655–662, (1996).
38 Cudworth, K.M., “Astrometry and photometry in the gloublar cluster NGC 6712”, Astron. J., 96, 105–115, (1988).
39 D’Amico, N., Lyne, A.G., Manchester, R.N., Possenti, A., and Camilo, F., “Discovery of short-period binary millisecond pulsars in four globular clusters”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 548, L171–L174, (2001).
40 D’Amico, N., Possenti, A., Manchester, R.N., Lyne, A.G., Camilo, F., and Sarkissian, J., “Searching for millisecond pulsars in globular clusters with Parkes”, in Bailes, M., Nice, D.J., and Thorsett, S.E., eds., Radio Pulsars: In Celebration of the Contributions of Andrew Lyne, Dick Manchester and Joe Taylor – A Festschrift Honoring their 60th Birthdays, Proceedings of a Meeting held at Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania, Crete, Greece, 26 – 29 August 2002, ASP Conference Proceedings, vol. 302, p. 375, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2003).
41 D’Amico, N., Possenti, A., Manchester, R.N., Sarkissian, J., Lyne, A.G., and Camilo, F., “New millisecond pulsars in globular clusters”, in Wheeler, J.C., and Martel, H., eds., Relativistic Astrophysics, 20th Texas Symposium, Austin, Texas, 10 – 15 December 2000, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 586, pp. 526–531, (American Institute of Physics, Melville, U.S.A., 2001).
42 D’Antona, F., and Caloi, V., “The early evolution of globular clusters: The case of NGC 2808”, Astrophys. J., 611, 871–880, (2004).
43 Davies, M.B., “The binary zoo: the calculation of production rates of binaries through 2+1 encounters in globular clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 276, 887–905, (1995).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995MNRAS.276..887D.
44 Davies, M.B., “Cataclysmic variable production in globular clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 288, 117–128, (1997).
45 Davies, M.B., and Benz, W., “A stellar audit: the computation of encounter rates for 47 Tucanae and ω Centauri”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 276, 876–886, (1995).
46 Davies, M.B., and Hansen, B.M.S., “Neutron star retention and millisecond pulsar production in globular clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 301, 15–24, (1998).
47 Deutsch, E.W., Anderson, S.F., Margon, B., and Downes, R.A., “The probable optical counterpart of the luminous X-ray source in NGC 6441”, Astrophys. J., 493, 775–780, (1998).
48 Deutsch, E.W., Margon, B., and Anderson, S.F., “Ultracompact X-ray binaries in globular clusters: variability of the optical counterpart of X1832-330 in NGC 6652”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 530, L21–L24, (2000).
49 Di Stefano, R., Kong, A.K.H., Garcia, M.R., Barmby, P., Greiner, J., Murray, S.S., and Primini, F.A., “Bright X-ray sources in M31 globular clusters”, Astrophys. J., 570, 618–636, (2002). Related online version (cited on 14 June 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0106254.
50 Dieball, A., Knigge, C., Zurek, D.R., Shara, M.M., and Long, K.S., “Far-ultraviolet observations of the globular cluster NGC 2808 revisited: Blue stragglers, white dwarfs, and cataclysmic variables”, Astrophys. J., 625, 156–166, (2005).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ApJ...625..156D.
51 Dieball, A., Knigge, C., Zurek, D.R., Shara, M.M., Long, K.S., Charles, P.A., and Hannikainen, D., “Unveiling the core of the globular cluster M15 in the ultraviolet”, Astrophys. J., 670, 379–399, (2007).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007ApJ...670..379D.
52 Downes, R.A., Webbink, R.F., Shara, M.M., Ritter, H., Kolb, U., and Duerbeck, H.W., “A catalog and atlas of catclysmic variables: The living edition”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 113, 764–768, (2001). Related online version (cited on 16 February 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0102302.
53 Drukier, G.A., Bailyn, C.D., Van Altena, W.F., and Girard, T.M., “Central proper-motion kinematics of NGC 6752”, Astron. J., 125, 2559–2567, (2003).
54 Edmonds, P.D., Gilliland, R.L., Heinke, C.O., and Grindlay, J.E., “An extensive census of Hubble Space Telescope counterparts to Chandra X-ray sources in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae. I. Astrometry and photometry”, Astrophys. J., 596, 1177–1196, (2003).
55 Edmonds, P.D., Gilliland, R.L., Heinke, C.O., and Grindlay, J.E., “An extensive census of Hubble Space Telescope counterparts to Chandra X-ray sources in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae. II. Time series and analysis”, Astrophys. J., 596, 1197–1219, (2003).
56 Edmonds, P.D., Grindlay, J.E., Cool, A., Cohn, H., Lugger, P.M., and Bailyn, C.D., “Cataclysmic variables and a candidate helium white dwarf in the globular cluster NGC 6397”, Astrophys. J., 516, 250–262, (1999).
57 Eggleton, P.P., “Approximations to the radii of Roche lobes”, Astrophys. J., 268, 368–369, (1983).
58 Fabian, A.C., Pringle, J.E., and Rees, M.J., “Tidal capture formation of binary systems and X-ray sources in globular clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 172, 15–18, (1975).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975MNRAS.172P..15F.
59 Ferraro, F.R., D’Amico, N., Possenti, A., Mignani, R.P., and Paltrinieri, B., “Blue stragglers, young white dwarfs and UV-excess stars in the core of 47 Tuc”, Astrophys. J., 561, 337–345, (2001). Related online version (cited on 3 July 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0107056.
60 Ferraro, F.R., Paltrinieri, B., Paresce, F., and De Marchi, G., “Very Large Telescope observations of the peculiar globular cluster NGC 6712: Discovery of a UV, Hα-excess star in the core”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 542, L29–L32, (2000).
61 Ferraro, F.R., Paltrinieri, B., Rood, R.T., Fusi Pecci, F., and Buananno, R., “Another faint ultraviolet object associated with a globular cluster X-ray source: The case of M92”, Astrophys. J., 537, 312–318, (2000).
62 Fregeau, J.M., Cheung, P., Portegies Zwart, S.F., and Rasio, F.A., “Stellar collisions during binary-binary and binary-single star interactions”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 352, 1–19, (2004).
63 Fregeau, J.M., Gürkan, M.A., Joshi, K.J., and Rasio, F.A., “Monte Carlo simulations of globular cluster evolution. III. Primordial binary interactions”, Astrophys. J., 593, 772–787, (2003).
64 Freire, P.C.C., “Pulsars in Globular Clusters”, personal homepage, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center. URL (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://www.naic.edu/~pfreire/GCpsr.html.
65 Freire, P.C.C., Camilo, F., Lorimer, D.R., Lyne, A.G., Manchester, R.N., and D’Amico, N., “Timing the millisecond pulsars in 47 Tucanae”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 326, 901–915, (2001). Related online version (cited on 22 March 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0103372.
66 Freire, P.C.C., Gupta, Y., Ransom, S.M., and Ishwara-Chandra, C.H., “Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope discovery of a millisecond pulsar in a very eccentric binary system”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 606, L53–L56, (2004).
67 Freire, P.C.C., Kramer, M., Lyne, A.G., Camilo, F., Manchester, R.N., and D’Amico, N., “Detection of ionized gas in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 557, L105–L108, (2001). Related online version (cited on 11 July 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0107206.
68 Freire, P.C.C., Wolszczan, A., van den Berg, M., and Hessels, J.W.T., “A Massive Neutron Star in the Globular Cluster M5”, Astrophys. J., 679, 1433–1442, (2008). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/0712.3826.
69 Freitag, M., and Benz, W., “A new Monte Carlo code for star cluster simulations: I. Relaxation”, Astron. Astrophys., 375, 711–738, (2001).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001A&A...375..711F.
70 Freitag, M., Gürkan, M.A., and Rasio, F.A., “Runaway collisions in young star clusters. II. Numerical results”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., submitted, (2005). Related online version (cited on 4 May 2005):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0503130.
71 Fruchter, A.S., and Goss, W.M., “Deep radio imaging of globular clusters and the cluster pulsar population”, Astrophys. J., 536, 865–874, (2000).
72 Fukushige, T., Makino, J., and Kawai, A., “GRAPE-6A: A single-card GRAPE-6 for parallel PC-GRAPE cluster system”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, submitted, (2005). Related online version (cited on 19 April 2005):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0504407.
73 Gao, B., Goodman, J., Cohn, H., and Murphy, B., “Fokker–Planck calculations of star clusters with primordial binaries”, Astrophys. J., 370, 567–582, (1991).
74 Gebhardt, K., Pryor, C., O’Connell, R.D., Williams, T.B., and Hesser, J.E., “Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope adaptive optics observations of the central kinematics in M15”, Astron. J., 119, 1268–1281, (2000).
75 Gendre, B., Barret, D., and Webb, N.A., “An XMM-Newton observation of the globular cluster Omega Centauri”, Astron. Astrophys., 400, 521–531, (2003).
76 Geyer, M.P., and Burkert, A., “Formation of globular clusters in turbulent molecular clouds”, in Geisler, D., Grebel, E.K., and Minniti, D., eds., Extragalactic Star Clusters, Proceedings of the 207th Symposium of the IAU held in Pucón, Chile, 12 – 16 March 2001, IAU Symposia, vol. 207, p. 678, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2002). Related online version (cited on 26 July 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0106016.
77 Giersz, M., “Monte Carlo simulations of star clusters – I. First results”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 298, 1239–1248, (1998).
78 Giersz, M., “Monte Carlo simulations of star clusters – II. Tidally limited, multi-mass systems with stellar evolution”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 324, 218–230, (2001).
79 Giersz, M., and Heggie, D.C., “Statistics of N-body simulations – III. Unequal masses”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 279, 1037–1056, (1996).
80 Giersz, M., and Spurzem, R., “Comparing direct N-body integration with anisotropic gaseous models of star clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 269, 241–256, (1994).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993astro.ph..5033G.
81 Giersz, M., and Spurzem, R., “A stochastic Monte Carlo approach to model real star cluster evolution, II. Self-consistent models and primordial binaries”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 317, 581–606, (2000).
82 Giersz, M., and Spurzem, R., “A stochastic Monte Carlo approach to model real star cluster evolution, III. Direct integration of three- and four-body interactions”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 343, 781–795, (2003).
83 Gnedin, O.Y., and Ostriker, J.P., “Destruction of the galactic globular cluster system”, Astrophys. J., 474, 223–255, (1997).
84 Goldman, I., and Mazeh, T., “On the orbital circularization of close binaries”, Astrophys. J., 376, 260–265, (1991).
85 Goodman, J., Heggie, D.C., and Hut, P., “On the exponential instability of N-body systems”, Astrophys. J., 415, 715–733, (1993).
86 Grindlay, J.E., “Magnetic CVs in Globular Clusters”, in Hellier, C., and Mukai, K., eds., Annapolis Workshop on Magnetic Cataclysmic Variables, ASP Conference Series, vol. 157, p. 377, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 1999).
87 Grindlay, J.E., Cool, A.M., and Bailyn, C.D., “CVs and millisecond pulsar progenitors in globular clusters”, in Janes, K., ed., The Formation and Evolution of Star Clusters, ASP Conference Series, vol. 13, pp. 396–400, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 1991).
88 Grindlay, J.E., Heinke, C.O., Edmonds, P.D., and Murray, S.S., “High-resolution X-ray imaging of a globular cluster core: Compact binaries in 47 Tuc”, Science, 292, 2290–2295, (2001).
89 Grindlay, J.E., Heinke, C.O., Edmonds, P.D., Murray, S.S., and Cool, A.M., “Chandra exposes the core collapsed globular cluster NGC 6397”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 563, L53–L56, (2001). Related online version (cited on 15 August 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0108265.
90 Guhathakurta, P., Yanny, B., Schneider, D.P., and Bahcall, J.N., “Globular cluster photometry with the Hubble Space Telescope. V. WFPC2 study of M15’s central density cusp”, Astron. J., 111, 267–282, (1996).
91 Gürkan, M.A., Freitag, M., and Rasio, F.A., “Formation of massive black holes in dense star clusters. I. Mass segregation and core collapse”, Astrophys. J., 604, 632–652, (2004).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004ApJ...604..632G.
92 Hansen, B.M.S., Kalogera, V., and Rasio, F.A., “Helium core white dwarfs in globular clusters”, Astrophys. J., 586, 1364–1373, (2003).
93 Hansen, B.M.S., Richer, H.B., Fahlman, G.G., Stetson, P.B., Brewer, J., Currie, T., Gibson, B.K., Ibata, R.A., Rich, R.M., and Shara, M.M., “Hubble Space Telescope observations of the white dwarf cooling sequence of M4”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 155, 551–576, (2004).
94 Harris, W.E., “Globular cluster systems in galaxies beyond the local group”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 29, 543–579, (1991).
95 Harris, W.E., “A catalog of parameters for globular clusters in the Milky Way”, Astron. J., 112, 1487–1488, (1996). Related online version (cited on 31 January 2006):
External Linkhttp://www.physics.mcmaster.ca/Globular.html.
96 Heggie, D.C., “Binary evolution in stellar dynamics”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 173, 729–787, (1975).
97 Heggie, D.C., Giersz, M., Spurzem, R., and Takahashi, K., “Dynamical simulations: Methods and comparisons”, in Andersen, J., ed., Highlights of Astronomy, Proceedings of the 23rd IAU General Assembly, August 18 – 30, 1997, in Kyoto, Japan, Highlights of Astronomy, vol. 11, p. 591, (Kluwer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1998).
98 Heggie, D.C., and Hut, P., The Gravitational Million-Body Problem: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Star Cluster Dynamics, (Campridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.; New York, U.S.A., 2003). Related online version (cited on 27 January 2006):
External Linkhttp://www.ids.ias.edu/~piet/publ/gmbp.html.
99 Heinke, C.O., Edmonds, P.D., and Grindlay, J.E., “Identification of the LMXB and faint X-ray sources in NGC 6652”, Astrophys. J., 562, 363–367, (2001). Related online version (cited on 26 July 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0107513.
100 Heinke, C.O., Edmonds, P.D., Grindlay, J.E., Lloyd, D.A., Cohn, H.N., and Lugger, P.M., “A Chandra X-ray study of the dense globular cluster Terzan 5”, Astrophys. J., 590, 809–821, (2003).
101 Heinke, C.O., Grindlay, J.E., Edmonds, P.D., Lloyd, D.A., Murray, S.S., Cohn, H.N., and Lugger, P.M., “A Chandra X-ray study of the globular cluster M80”, Astrophys. J., 598, 516–526, (2003).
102 Hénon, M., “The Monte Carlo method”, Astrophys. Space Sci., 14, 151–167, (1971).
103 Hénon, M., “Monte Carlo models of star clusters”, Astrophys. Space Sci., 13, 284–299, (1971).
104 Hessels, J.W.T., Ransom, S.M., Stairs, I.H., Kaspi, V.M., Freire, P.C.C., Backer, D.C., and Lorimer, D.R., “A 20 cm search for pulsars in globular clusters with Arecibo and the GBT”, in Camilo, F., and Gaensler, B.M., eds., Young Neutron Stars and Their Environments, Proceedings of an IAU Symposium on 14 – 17 July 2003 in Sydney, Australia, ASP Conference Series, vol. 218, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2004). Related online version (cited on 27 January 2006):
External Linkhttp://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0402182.
105 Hilditch, R.W., An Introduction to Close Binary Stars, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.; New York, U.S.A., 2001).
106 Hills, J.G., “Encounters between single and binary stars: The effect of intruder mass on the maximum impact velocity for which the mean change in binding energy is positive”, Astron. J., 99, 979–982, (1990).
107 Hils, D., Bender, P.L., and Webbink, R.F., “Gravitational radiation from the Galaxy”, Astrophys. J., 360, 75–94, (1990).
108 Hjellming, M.S., and Webbink, R.F., “Thresholds for rapid mass transfer in binary systems. I. Polytropic models”, Astrophys. J., 318, 794–808, (1987).
109 Homer, L., Anderson, S.F., Margon, B., and Deutsch, E.W., “Optical identification of the X-ray burster in the globular cluster NGC 1851”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 550, L155–L157, (2001).
110 Homer, L., Deutsch, E.W., Anderson, S.F., and Margon, B., “The rapid burster in Liller 1: the Chandra X-ray position and a search for an IR counterpart”, Astron. J., 122, 2627–2633, (2001). Related online version (cited on 18 July 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0106140.
111 Hurley, J.R., Pols, O.R., and Tout, C.A., “Comprehensive analytic formulae for stellar evolution as a function of mass and metallicity”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 315, 543–569, (2000).
112 Hurley, J.R., and Shara, M.M., “White dwarf sequences in dense star clusters”, Astrophys. J., 589, 179–198, (2003).
113 Hurley, J.R., Tout, C.A., Aarseth, S.J., and Pols, O.R., “Direct N-body modelling of stellar populations: Blue stragglers in M67”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 323, 630–650, (2001).
114 Hurt, R.L., Jarrett, T.H., Kirkpatrick, J.D., and Cutri, R.M., “Serendipitous 2MASS discoveries near the galactic plane: A spiral galaxy and two globular clusters”, Astron. J., 120, 1876–1883, (2000).
115 Hut, P., “Blue Stragglers as Tracers of Globular Cluster Evolution”, in Saffer, R.E., ed., Blue Stragglers, ASP Conference Series, vol. 53, p. 44, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 1993).
116 Hut, P., McMillan, S., Goodman, J., Mateo, M., Phinney, E.S., Pryor, C., Richer, H.B., Verbunt, F., and Weinberg, M., “Binaries in globular clusters”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 104, 981–1034, (1992).
117 Hut, P., McMillan, S., and Romani, R.W., “The evolution of a primordial binary population in a globular cluster”, Astrophys. J., 389, 527–545, (1992).
118 Hut, P., McMillan, S.L.W., Makino, J., and Portegies Zwart, S.F., “Starlab: A Software Environment for Collisional Stellar Dynamics”, project homepage, Institute for Advanced Studies. URL (cited on 12 August 2001):
External Linkhttp://www.sns.ias.edu/~starlab/starlab.html.
119 Iben Jr, I., Tutukov, A.V., and Yungelson, L.R., “Helium and carbon-oxygen white dwarfs in close binaries”, Astrophys. J., 475, 291–299, (1997).
120 Ivanova, N., Belczynski, K., Fregeau, J.M., and Rasio, F.A., “The evolution of binary fractions in globular clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 358, 572–584, (2005).
121 Ivanova, N., Heinke, C.O., Rasio, F.A., Belczynski, K., and Fregeau, J.M., “Formation and evolution of compact binaries in globular clusters – II. Binaries with neutron stars”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 386, 553–576, (2008). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/0706.409.
122 Ivanova, N., Rasio, F.A., Lombardi, J.C., Dooley, K.L., and Proulx, Z.F., “Formation of Ultracompact X-Ray Binaries in Dense Star Clusters”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 621, L109–L112, (2005).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ApJ...621L.109I.
123 Jacoby, B.A., Chandler, A.M., Backer, D.C., Anderson, S.B., and Kulkarni, S.R., “Pulsars in M62”, IAU Circ., 7783, 1, (2002).
124 Johnston, H.M., and Verbunt, F., “The globular cluster population of low-luminosity X-ray sources”, Astron. Astrophys., 312, 80–87, (1996).
125 Joshi, K.J., Nave, C.P., and Rasio, F.A., “Monte Carlo simulations of globular cluster evolution. II. Mass spectra, stellar evolution, and lifetimes in the galaxy”, Astrophys. J., 550, 691–702, (2001).
126 Joshi, K.J., Rasio, F.A., and Portegies Zwart, S.F., “Monte Carlo simulations of globular cluster evolution. I. Method and test calculations”, Astrophys. J., 540, 969–982, (2000).
127 Kalogera, V., King, A.R., and Rasio, F.A., “Could black hole X-ray binaries be detected in globular clusters?”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 601, 171–174, (2004).
128 Kałużny, J., and Thompson, I.B., “Time series photometry of variable stars in the globular cluster NGC 6397”, Astron. J., 125, 2534–2542, (2003).
129 Kim, E., Einsel, C., Lee, H.M., Spurzem, R., and Lee, M.G., “Dynamical evolution of rotating stellar systems – II. Post-collapse, equal mass system”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 334, 310–322, (2002). Related online version (cited on 5 September 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0109062.
130 King, A.R., Frank, J., Kolb, U., and Ritter, H., “Global analysis of mass transfer cycles in cataclysmic variables”, Astrophys. J., 467, 761–772, (1996).
131 King, I.R., Stanford, S.A., Albrecht, R., Barbieri, C., Blades, J.C., Boksenberg, A., Crane, P., Disney, M.J., Deharveng, J.M., Jakobsen, P., Kamperman, T.M., Macchetto, F., Mackay, C.D., Paresce, F., Weigelt, G., Baxter, D., Greenfield, P., Jedrzejewski, R., Nota, A., Sparks, W.B., and Sosin, C., “Detection of an ultraviolet and visible counterpart of the NGC 6624 X-ray burster”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 413, L117–L120, (1993).
132 Knigge, C., “Far-ultraviolet surveys of globular clusters: Hunting for the products of stellar collisions and near misses”, Mod. Phys. Lett. A, 19, 2013–2027, (2004). Related online version (cited on 2 July 2004):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0407054.
133 Knigge, C., Shara, M.M., Zurek, D.R., Long, K.S., and Gilliland, R.L., “A Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Survey of the Globular Cluster 47 Tuc”, in Shara, M.M., ed., Stellar Collisions, Mergers and their Consequences, Proceedings of the conference held in New York, USA, 30 May – 2 June, 2000, ASP Conference Proceedings, vol. 263, p. 137, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2002). Related online version (cited on 8 December 2000):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0012187.
134 Knigge, C., Zurek, D.R., Shara, M.M., and Long, K.S., “A far-ultraviolet survey of 47 Tucanae. I. Imaging”, Astrophys. J., 579, 752–759, (2002).
135 Kobulnicky, H.A., Monson, A.J., Buckalew, B.A., Darnel, J.M., Uzpen, B., Meade, M.R., Babler, B.L., Indebetouw, R., Whitney, B.A., Watson, C., Churchwell, E., Wolfire, M.G., Wolff, M.J., Clemens, D.P., Shah, R., Bania, T.M., Benjamin, R.A., Cohen, M., Dickey, J.M., Jackson, J.M., Marston, A.P., Mathis, J.S., Mercer, E.P., Stauffer, J.R., Stolovy, S.R., Norris, J.P., Kutyrev, A., Canterna, R., and Pierce, M.J., “Discovery of a New Low-Latitude Milky Way Globular Cluster using GLIMPSE”, Astron. J., 129, 239–250, (2005). Related online version (cited on 16 October 2004):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0410400.
136 Kong, A.K.H., Bassa, C., Pooley, D., Lewin, W.H.G., Homer, L., Verbunt, F., Anderson, S.F., and Margon, B., “Chandra and Hubble Space Telescope Study of the Globular Cluster NGC 288”, Astrophys. J., 647, 1065–1074, (2006). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0603374.
137 Kroupa, P., “The local stellar initial mass function”, in Deiters, S., Fuchs, B., Just, A., Spurzem, R., and Wielen, R., eds., Dynamics of Star Clusters and the Milky Way (Star2000), International Spring Meeting of the Astronomische Gesellschaft, March 20 – 24, 2000, Heidelberg, Germany, vol. 228, p. 187, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2001). Related online version (cited on 17 November 2000):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0011328.
138 Kroupa, P., “On the variation of the initial mass function”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 322, 231–246, (2001).
139 Kroupa, P., Aarseth, S.J., and Hurley, J., “The formation of a bound star cluster: From the Orion Nebula Cluster to the Pleiades”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 321, 699–712, (2001).
140 Kroupa, P., and Burkert, A., “On the origin of the distribution of binary star periods”, Astrophys. J., 555, 945–949, (2001).
141 Kulkarni, S.R., Hut, P., and McMillan, S., “Stellar black holes in globular clusters”, Nature, 364, 421–423, (1993).
142 Kulkarni, S.R., Narayan, R., and Romani, R.W., “The pulsar content of globular clusters”, Astrophys. J., 356, 174–183, (1990).
143 Leigh, N., Sills, A., and Knigge, C., “Where the blue stragglers roam: searching for a link between formation and environment”, Astrophys. J., 661, 210–221, (2007).
144 Lorimer, D.R., “Binary and Millisecond Pulsars”, Living Rev. Relativity, 8, lrr-2005-7, (1998). URL (cited on 20 November 2005):
http://www.livingreviews.org/lrr-2005-7.
145 Louis, P.D., and Spurzem, R., “Anisotropic gaseous models for the evolution of star clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 251, 408–426, (1991).
146 Lugger, P.M., Cohn, H.N., Heinke, C.O., Grindlay, J.E., and Edmonds, P.D., “Chandra X-Ray Sources in the Collapsed-Core Globular Cluster M30 (NGC 7099)”, Astrophys. J., 657, 286–301, (2007).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007ApJ...657..286L.
147 Lynden-Bell, D., and O’Dwyer, J.P., “One mass-radius relation for planets, white dwarfs and neutron stars”, (2001). URL (cited on 27 April 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0104450.
148 MacNamara, B.J., Harrison, T.E., and Anderson, J., “Does M15 possess and intermediate-mass black hole in its core?”, Astrophys. J., 595, 187–194, (2003).
149 Madsen, S., “Hyades dynamics from N-body simulations: Accuracy of astrometric radial velocities from Hipparcos”, Astron. Astrophys., 401, 565–576, (2003).
150 Makino, J., and Taiji, M., Scientific Simulations with Special-Purpose Computers: The GRAPE Systems, (Wiley, Chichester, U.K.; New York, U.S.A., 1998).
151 Manybody, “MODEST”, project homepage. URL (cited on 25 May 2005):
External Linkhttp://www.manybody.org/modest/.
152 Margon, B., Downes, R.A., and Gunn, J.E., “M5 V101: A close binary system in a globular cluster”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 247, L89–L92, (1981).
153 McLaughlin, D.E., Anderson, J., Meylan, G., Gebhardt, K., Pryor, C., Minniti, D., and Phinney, S., “Hubble Space Telescope Proper Motions and Stellar Dynamics in the Core of the Globular Cluster 47 Tucanae”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 166, 249–297, (2006). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0607597.
154 McMillan, S.L.W., “Resonant Binary interactions”, personal homepage, Drexel University, (2001). URL (cited on 11 August 2001):
External Linkhttp://www.physics.drexel.edu/~steve/resonance.html.
155 McMillan, S.L.W., Pryor, C., and Phinney, E.S., “Binaries in globular clusters”, in Anderson, J., ed., Highlights of Astronomy, Proceedings of the 23rd IAU General Assembly, August 18 – 30, 1997, in Kyoto, Japan, Highlights of Astronomy, vol. 11A, p. 616, (Kluwer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1998).
156 Meylan, G., “Internal Dynamics of Globular Clusters”, in Gurzadyan, V.G., and Ruffini, R., eds., The Chaotic Universe, Proceedings of the Second ICRA Network Workshop, Rome, Pescara, Italy, 1 – 5 February 1999, Advanced Series in Astrophysics and Cosmology, vol. 10, pp. 76–106, (World Scientific, Singapore; River Edge, U.S.A., 2000). Related online version (cited on 5 March 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/9912495.
157 Meylan, G., and Heggie, D.C., “Internal dynamics of globular clusters”, Astron. Astrophys. Rev., 8, 1–143, (1997).
158 Middleditch, J., and Kristian, J., “A search for young, luminous optical pulsars in extragalactic supernova remnants”, Astrophys. J., 279, 157–161, (1984).
159 Miller, M.C., and Colbert, E.J.M., “Intermediate mass black holes”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 13, 1–64, (2004).
160 Miller, M.C., and Hamilton, D.P., “Production of intermediate-mass black holes in globular clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 330, 232–240, (2002). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0106188.
161 Miocchi, P., “Central energy equipartition in multimass models of globular clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 366, 227–234, (2005). Related online version (cited on 9 November 2005):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0511263.
162 Moehler, S., Heber, U., Napiwotzki, R., Koester, D., and Renzini, A., “First VLT spectra of white dwarfs in a globular cluster”, Astron. Astrophys., 354, L75–L78, (2000).
163 Moehler, S., Koester, D., Zoccali, M., Ferraro, F.R., Heber, U., Napiwotzki, R., and Renzini, A., “Spectral types and masses of white dwarfs in globular clusters”, Astron. Astrophys., 420, 515–525, (2004). Related online version (cited on 10 March 2004):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0403245.
164 Monelli, M., Corsi, C.E., Castellani, V., Ferraro, I., Iannicola, G., Prada Moroni, P.G., Bono, G., Buonanno, R., Calamida, A., Freyhammer, L.M., Pulone, L., and Stetson, P.B., “The discovery of more than 2000 white dwarfs in the globular cluster ω Centauri”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 621, 117–120, (2005).
165 Mukai, K., and Smale, A.P., “The low-mass X-ray binary X1832-330 in the globular cluster NGC 6652: A serendipitous ASCA observation”, Astrophys. J., 533, 352–357, (2000).
166 Neill, J.D., Shara, M.M., Caulet, A., and Buckley, D.A.H., “The first orbital period for a dwarf nova in a globular cluster: V101 in M5”, Astron. J., 123, 3298–3304, (2002).
167 Nelemans, G., Portegies Zwart, S.F., Verbunt, F., and Yungelson, L.R., “Population synthesis for double white dwarfs. II. Semi-detached systems: AM CVn stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 368, 939–949, (2001).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001A&A...368..939N.
168 Nelemans, G., Yungelson, L.R., Portegies Zwart, S.F., and Verbunt, F., “Populations synthesis for double white dwarfs. I. Close detached systems”, Astron. Astrophys., 365, 491–507, (2001).
169 Nieto, J.-L., Auriere, M., Sebag, J., Arnaud, J., Lelievre, G., Blazit, A., Foy, R., Bonaldo, S., and Thouvenot, E., “The optical counterpart of the X-ray binary in the globular cluster NGC 6712”, Astron. Astrophys., 239, 155–162, (1990).
170 Noyola, E., Gebhardt, K., and Bergmann, M., “Gemini and Hubble Space Telescope Evidence for an Intermediate-Mass Black Hole in ω Centauri”, Astrophys. J., 676, 1008–1015, (2008). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/0801.27.
171 Padmanabhan, T., Theoretical Astrophysics, Volume I: Astrophysical Processes, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.; New York, U.S.A., 2000).
172 Padmanabhan, T., Theoretical Astrophysics, Volume II: Stars and Stellar Systems, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.; New York, U.S.A., 2001).
173 Paresce, F., and De Marchi, G., “A dwarf nova in the core of 47 Tucanae”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 427, L33–L35, (1994).
174 Paresce, F., De Marchi, G., and Romaniello, M., “Very low mass stars and white dwarfs in NGC 6397”, Astrophys. J., 440, 216–226, (1995).
175 Pasquali, A., De Marchi, G., Pulone, L., and Brigas, M.S., “The global mass function of M15”, Astron. Astrophys., 428, 469–478, (2004).
176 Peters, P.C., and Mathews, J., “Gravitational Radiation from Point Masses in a Keplerian Orbit”, Phys. Rev., 131, 435–440, (1963).
177 Pfahl, E., Rappaport, S., and Podsiadlowski, P., “A Comprehensive Study of Neutron Star Retention in Globular Clusters”, Astrophys. J., 573, 283–305, (2002).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002ApJ...573..283P.
178 Pfahl, E., Rappaport, S., Podsiadlowski, P., and Spruit, H., “A New Class of High-Mass X-Ray Binaries: Implications for Core Collapse and Neutron Star Recoil”, Astrophys. J., 574, 364–376, (2002).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002ApJ...574..364P.
179 Pierro, V., and Pinto, I.M., “Steady state population statistics of compact binary stars”, Astrophys. J., 469, 272–279, (1996).
180 Piotto, G., De Angelli, F., King, I.R., Djorgovski, S.G., Bono, G., Cassisi, S., Meylan, G., Recio-Blanco, A., Rich, R.M., and Davies, M.B., “Relative frequencies of blue stragglers in galactic globular clusters: Constraints for the formation mechanisms”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 604, 109–112, (2004).
181 Podsiadlowski, P., Rappaport, S., and Pfahl, E.D., “Evolutionary Sequences for Low- and Intermediate-Mass X-Ray Binaries”, Astrophys. J., 565, 1107–1133, (2002).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002ApJ...565.1107P.
182 Pooley, D., Lewin, W.H.G., Homer, L., Verbunt, F., Anderson, S.F., Gaensler, B.M., Margon, B., Miller, J.M., Fox, D.W., Kaspi, V.M., and van der Klis, M., “Optical identification of multiple faint X-ray sources in the globular cluster NGC 6752: Evidence for numerous cataclysmic variables”, Astrophys. J., 569, 405–417, (2002).
183 Pooley, D., Lewin, W.H.G., Verbunt, F., Homer, L., Margon, B., Gaensler, B.M., Kaspi, V.M., Miller, J.M., Fox, D.W., and van der Klis, M., “Chandra observation of the globular cluster NGC 6440 and the nature of cluster X-ray luminosity functions”, Astrophys. J., 573, 184–190, (2002).
184 Popov, S.B., and Prokhorov, M.E., “Evolution of isolated neutron stars in globular clusters: Number of accretors”, Astron. Astrophys. Trans., 21, 217–221, (2002). Related online version (cited on 12 February 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0102201.
185 Portegies Zwart, S.F., Baumgardt, H., Hut, P., Makino, J., and McMillan, S.L.W., “The formation of massive black holes through collision runaway in dense young stellar clusters”, Nature, 428, 724–726, (2004).
186 Portegies Zwart, S.F., Hut, P., McMillan, S.L.W., and Makino, J., “Star cluster ecology – V. Dissection of an open star cluster: spectroscopy”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 351, 473–486, (2004).
187 Portegies Zwart, S.F., Makino, J., McMillan, S.L.W., and Hut, P., “Star cluster ecology. III. Runaway collisions in young compact star clusters”, Astron. Astrophys., 348, 117–126, (1999).
188 Portegies Zwart, S.F., Makino, J., McMillan, S.L.W., and Hut, P., “Runaway collisions in star clusters”, in Shara, M.M., ed., Stellar Collisions, Mergers and their Consequences, Proceedings of the conference held in New York, USA, 30 May – 2 June, 2000, ASP Conference Proceedings, vol. 263, p. 95, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2002). Related online version (cited on 11 December 2000):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0012237.
189 Portegies Zwart, S.F., and McMillan, S.L.W., “Black hole mergers in the universe”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 528, L17–L20, (2000).
190 Portegies Zwart, S.F., McMillan, S.L.W., Hut, P., and Makino, J., “Star cluster ecology – IV. Dissection of an open star cluster: photometry”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 321, 199–226, (2001).
191 Portegies Zwart, S.F., and Verbunt, F., “Population synthesis of high-mass binaries”, Astron. Astrophys., 309, 179–196, (1996).
192 Prince, T.A., Anderson, S.B., Kulkarni, S.R., and Wolszczan, A., “Timing observations of the 8 hour binary pulsar 2127+11C in the globular cluster M15”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 374, L41–L44, (1991).
193 Ramsay, G., and Wu, K., “Chandra observations of the globular cluster M 54”, Astron. Astrophys., 447, 199–203, (2006). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0510217.
194 Ransom, S.M., Greenhill, L.J., Herrnstein, J.R., Manchester, R.N., Camilo, F., Eikenberry, S.S., and Lyne, A.G., “A binary millisecond pulsar in globular cluster NGC 6544”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 546, L25–L28, (2001).
195 Rappaport, S., Nelson, L.A., Ma, C.-P., and Joss, P.C., “The evolutionary status of 4U 1820-30”, Astrophys. J., 322, 842–851, (1987).
196 Rappaport, S., Pfahl, E., Rasio, F.A., and Podsiadlowski, P., “Formation of Compact Binaries in Globular Clusters”, in Podsiadlowski, P., Rappaport, A., King, R., D’Antona, F., and Burder, L., eds., Evolution of Binary and Multiple Star Systems: A Meeting in Celebration of Peter Eggleton’s 60th Birthday, ASP Conference Series, vol. 229, p. 409, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2001). Related online version (cited on 30 January 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0101535.
197 Rasio, F.A., Fregeau, J.M., and Joshi, K.J., “Binaries and globular cluster dynamics”, in Vanbeveren, D., ed., The Influence of Binaries on Stellar Population Studies, Proceedings of the conference, held in Brussels, Belgium, 21 – 25 August 2000, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, vol. 264, pp. 387–401, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands; Boston, U.S.A., 2001). Related online version (cited on 1 March 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0103001.
198 Rasio, F.A., Pfahl, E.D., and Rappaport, S., “Formation of Short-Period Binary Pulsars in Globular Clusters”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 532, L47–L50, (2000).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000ApJ...532L..47R.
199 Renzini, A., Bragaglia, A., Ferraro, F.R., Gilmozzi, R., Ortolani, S., Holberg, J.B., Liebert, J., Wesemael, F., and Bohlin, R.C., “The white dwarf distance to the globular cluster NGC 6752 (and its age) with the Hubble Space Telescope”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 465, L23–L26, (1996).
200 Richer, H.B., Dotter, A., Hurley, J., Anderson, J., King, I., Davis, S., Fahlman, G.G., Hansen, B.M.S., Kalirai, J., Paust, N., Rich, R.M., and Shara, M.M., “Deep Advanced Camera for Surveys Imaging in the Globular Cluster NGC 6397: the Cluster Color-Magnitude Diagram and Luminosity Function”, Astron. J., 135, 2141–2154, (2008).
201 Richer, H.B., Fahlman, G.G., Ibata, R.A., Pryor, C., Bell, R.A., Bolte, M., Bond, H.E., Harris, W.E., Hesser, J.E., Holland, S., Ivanans, N., Mandushev, G., Stetson, P.B., and Wood, M.A., “White dwarfs in globular clusters: Hubble Space Telescope observations of M4”, Astrophys. J., 484, 741–760, (1997).
202 Richer, H.B., Fahlman, G.G., Ibata, R.A., Stetson, P.B., Bell, R.A., Bolte, M., Bond, H.E., Harris, W.E., Hesser, J.E., Mandushev, G., Pryor, C., and VandenBerg, D.A., “Hubble Space Telescope observations of white dwarfs in the globular cluster M4”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 451, L17–L20, (1995).
203 Rosenberg, A., Piotto, G., Saviane, I., and Aparicio, A., “Photometric catalog of nearby globular clusters. I. A large homogeneous (V,I) color-magnitude diagram data-base”, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl., 144, 5–38, (2000).
204 Rubenstein, E.P., and Bailyn, C.D., “Hubble Space Telescope observations of the post-core-collapse globular cluster NGC 6752. II. A large main-sequence binary population”, Astrophys. J., 474, 701–709, (1997).
205 Rubenstein, E.P., and Bailyn, C.D., “Hubble Space Telescope observations of the central-cusp globular cluster NGC 6752: The effect of binary stars on the luminosity function in the core”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 513, L33–L36, (1999).
206 Sandquist, E.L., Taam, R.E., and Burkert, A., “On the Formation of Helium Double Degenerate Stars and Pre-Cataclysmic Variables”, Astrophys. J., 533, 984–997, (2000).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000ApJ...533..984S.
207 Schaller, G., Schaerer, D., Meynet, G., and Maeder, A., “New grids of stellar models from 0.8 to 120 M at Z = 0.020 and Z = 0.001”, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl., 96, 269–331, (1992).
208 Schneider, R., Ferrari, V., Matarrese, S., and Portegies Zwart, S.F., “Low-frequency gravitational waves from cosmological compact binaries”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 324, 797–810, (2001). Related online version (cited on 2 February 2000):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0002055.
209 Servillat, M., Webb, N.A., and Barret, D., “XMM-Newton observations of the Galactic globular clusters NGC 2808 and NGC 4372”, Astron. Astrophys., 480, 397–407, (2008). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/0712.0690.
210 Shara, M.M., Bergeron, L.E., Gilliland, R.L., Saha, A., and Petro, L., “Cataclysmic and close binaries in star clusters. IV. The unexpectedly low number of erupting dwarf novae detected by the Hubble Space Telescope in the core of 47 Tuc”, Astrophys. J., 471, 804–815, (1996).
211 Shara, M.M., Bergeron, L.E., and Moffat, A.F.J., “Cataclysmic binaries in star clusters. I. A search for erupting dwarf novae in the globular cluster M92”, Astrophys. J., 429, 767–771, (1994).
212 Shara, M.M., and Drissen, L., “Cataclysmic and close binaries in star clusters. III. Recovery of the quiescent nova 1860 A.D. (T Scorpii) in the core of the globular cluster M80”, Astrophys. J., 448, 203–206, (1995).
213 Shara, M.M., Drissen, L., Bergeron, L.E., and Paresce, F., “Cataclysmic amd close binaries in star clusters. II. Probing the core of NGC 6752 with Hubble Space Telescope”, Astrophys. J., 441, 617–628, (1995).
214 Shara, M.M., Hinkley, S., Zurek, D.R., Knigge, C., and Bond, H.E., “The luminous erupting dwarf nova CV 1 in the dense globular cluster M15”, Astron. J., 128, 2847–2853, (2004).
215 Shara, M.M., and Hurley, J.R., “Star clusters as type Ia supernova factories”, Astrophys. J., 571, 830–842, (2002).
216 Shara, M.M., Zurek, D.R., and Rich, R.M., “The discovery of an erupting dwarf nova in NGC 6624”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 473, L35–L36, (1996).
217 Sidoli, L., Parmar, A.N., Oosterbroek, T., Stella, L., Verbunt, F., Masetti, N., and Dal Fiume, D., “BeppoSAX study of the broad-band properties of luminous globular cluster X-ray sources”, Astron. Astrophys., 368, 451–463, (2001).
218 Sigurdsson, S., and Hernquist, L., “Primordial black holes in globular clusters”, Nature, 364, 423–425, (1993).
219 Sigurdsson, S., and Phinney, E.S., “Dynamics and interactions of binaries and neutron stars in globular clusters”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 99, 609–635, (1995).
220 Sills, A., Deiters, S., Eggleton, P.P., Freitag, M., Giersz, M., Heggie, D.C., Hurley, J.R., Hut, P., Ivanova, N., Klessen, R.S., Kroupa, P., Lombardi Jr, J.C., McMillan, S., Portegies Zwart, S.F., and Zinnecker, H., “MODEST-2: A summary”, New Astronomy, 8, 605–628, (2003). Related online version (cited on 11 March 2003):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0301478.
221 Sollima, A., Lanzoni, B., Beccari, G., Ferraro, F.R., and Fusi Pecci, F., “A Correlation between Blue Straggler and Binary Fractions in the Core of Globular Clusters”, Astron. Astrophys., accepted, (2008). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://arxiv.org/abs/0801.4511.
222 Spitzer Jr, L., Dynamical Evolution of Globular Clusters, (Princeton University Press, Princeton, U.S.A., 1987).
223 Spurzem, R., “Direct N-body simulations”, J. Comput. Appl. Math., 109, 407–432, (1999).
224 Spurzem, R., and Giersz, M., “A stochastic Monte Carlo approach to modelling of real star cluster evolution – I. The model”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 283, 805–810, (1996).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996MNRAS.283..805S.
225 Stella, L., Priedhorsky, W., and White, N.E., “The discovery of a 685 second orbital period from the X-ray source 4U 1820-30 in the globular cluster NGC 6624”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 312, L17–L21, (1987).
226 Strickler, R., Cool, A., Anderson, J., Cohn, H., and Lugger, P., “Two White Dwarf Populations in the Globular Cluster NGC 6397”, 210th AAS Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, 27 – 31 May 2007, conference paper, (2007). Presentation Number: 016.06.
227 Takahashi, K., and Portegies Zwart, S.F., “The evolution of globular clusters in the galaxy”, Astrophys. J., 535, 759–775, (2000).
228 Taylor, J.M., Grindlay, J.E., and Edmonds, P.D., “Helium white dwarfs and BY Draconis binaries in the globular cluster NGC 6397”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 553, L169–L172, (2001).
229 Tout, C.A., Aarseth, S.J., Pols, O.R., and Eggleton, P.P., “Rapid binary star evolution for N-body simulations and population synthesis”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 291, 732–748, (1997).
ADS: External Linkhttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997MNRAS.291..732T.
230 University of Maryland (BIMA), “NEMO - A Stellar Dynamics Toolbox”, project homepage. URL (cited on 12 August 2001):
External Linkhttp://bima.astro.umd.edu/nemo/.
231 University of Padova, “Globular Cluster Group – Padova Astronomy Department”, project homepage. URL (cited on 25 May 2005):
External Linkhttp://dipastro.pd.astro.it/globulars/.
232 University of Tokyo, “The Grape Project”, project homepage. URL (cited on 11 August 2001):
External Linkhttp://astrogrape.org.
233 Verbunt, F., “A census with ROSAT of low-luminosity X-ray sources in globular clusters”, Astron. Astrophys., 368, 137–159, (2001).
234 Verbunt, F., and Lewin, W.H.G., “Globular cluster X-ray sources”, in Lewin, W.H.G., and van der Klis, M., eds., Compact Stellar X-Ray Sources, Cambridge Astrophysics Series, vol. 39, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 2006). Related online version (cited on 6 April 2004):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0404136.
235 Verbunt, F., van Kerkwijk, M.H., in ’t Zand, J.J.M., and Heise, J., “X-ray and optical follow-up observations of the August 1998 X-ray transient in NGC 6440”, Astron. Astrophys., 359, 960–966, (2000).
236 Vesperini, E., and Heggie, D.C., “On the effects of dynamical evolution on the initial mass function of globular clusters”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 289, 898–920, (1997).
237 Webb, N.A., and Barret, D., “Faint X-ray sources in globular clusters in the XMM-Newton and Chandra era”, in Hameury, J.-M., and Lasota, J.-P, eds., The Astrophysics of Cataclysmic Variables and Related Objects, ASP Conference Series, vol. 330, p. 41, (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A., 2005). Related online version (cited on 17 November 2004):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0411506.
238 Webbink, R.F., “Double white dwarfs as progenitors of R Coronae Borealis stars and Type I supernovae”, Astrophys. J., 277, 355–360, (1984).
239 White, N.E., and Angelini, L., “The discovery of a second luminous low-mass X-ray binary in the globular cluster M15”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 561, L101–L105, (2001).
240 Wijnands, R., Heinke, C.O., Pooley, D., Edmonds, P.D., Lewin, W.H.G., Grindlay, J.E., Jonker, P.G., and Miller, J.M., “The hard quiescent spectrum of the neutron star X-ray transient EXO 1745-248 in the globular cluster Terzan 5”, Astrophys. J., 618, 883–890, (2005).
241 Willems, B., Kalogera, V., Vecchio, A., Ivanova, N., Rasio, F.A., Fregeau, J.M., and Belczynski, K., “Eccentric Double White Dwarfs as LISA Sources in Globular Clusters”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 665, L59–L62, (2007). Related online version (cited on 11 June 2008):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/0705.4287.
242 Yan, L., and Mateo, M., “Primordial main sequence binary stars in the globular cluster M71”, Astron. J., 108, 1810–1827, (1994).
243 Yan, L., and Reid, I.N., “Discovery of six short-period eclipsing binaries in the globular cluster M5”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 279, 751–766, (1996).
244 Zahn, J.-P., “Tidal evolution of close binary stars. I. Revisiting the theory of the equilibrium tide”, Astron. Astrophys., 220, 112–116, (1989).
245 Zahn, J.-P., and Bouchet, L., “Tidal evolution of close binary stars. II. Orbital circularization of late-type binaries”, Astron. Astrophys., 223, 112–118, (1989).
246 Zhao, B., and Bailyn, C.D., “Hubble Space Telescope WFPC2 photometry of the globular clusters M3 and M13: Binaries and intrinsic broadening on the main sequence”, Astron. J., 129, 1934–1953, (2005).
247 Zheng, X.-Z., “Do globular clusters harbor black holes?”, (2001). URL (cited on 22 June 2001):
External Linkhttp://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0106410.