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8 Superfluidity and Superconductivity

Except for a brief period after their birth, neutron stars are expected to contain various superfluid and superconducting phases [363Jump To The Next Citation Point116Jump To The Next Citation Point29Jump To The Next Citation Point367Jump To The Next Citation Point]. In this section, after a brief discussion of superconductivity and its possible occurrence in neutron star crusts, we will review our current theoretical understanding of the static and dynamic properties of neutron superfluid in the inner crust of neutron stars. For a general introduction and a recent overview on superfluidity and superconductivity, see, for instance, the book by Annett [22].

 8.1 Superconductivity in neutron star crusts
 8.2 Static properties of neutron superfluidity
  8.2.1 Neutron pairing gap in uniform neutron matter at zero temperature
  8.2.2 Critical temperature for neutron superfluidity
  8.2.3 Pairing gap in neutron star crusts
 8.3 Superfluid hydrodynamics
  8.3.1 Superflow and critical velocity
  8.3.2 Rotating superfluid and vortices
  8.3.3 Type II superconductors and magnetic flux tubes
  8.3.4 Superfluid vortices and magnetic flux tubes in neutron stars
  8.3.5 Dynamics of superfluid vortices
  8.3.6 Superfluid hydrodynamics and entrainment
  8.3.7 Entrainment effects in neutron stars

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