References

1 Abelson, R.D., Balint, T.S., Marshall, K.E., Noravian, H., Randolph, J.E., Satter, C.M., Schmidt, G.R. and Shirley, J.H., Enabling Exploration with Small Radioisotope Power Systems, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 2004). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2014/40856.
2 Abramovici, A. and Vager, Z., “Test of Newton’s second law at small accelerations”, Phys. Rev. D, 34, 3240–3241, (1986). [External LinkDOI].
3 Acker, R.M., “Pioneer F/G Feed Movement Mechanism”, in Herzl, G.G., ed., 6th Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, September 9 – 10, 1971, NASA Technical Memorandum, NASA TM X-2557, pp. 21–26, (NASA, Washington, DC, 1972). Online version (accessed 26 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19720018727.
4 Acton, C.H., “Ancillary data services of NASA’s Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility”, Planet. Space Sci., 44, 65–70, (1996). [External LinkADS].
5 Adamski, T.P., Pioneer Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-35, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1976). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-35/35title.htm.
6 Adamski, T.P., Pioneer Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-37, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1977). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-37/37title.htm.
7 Adamski, T.P., Pioneer Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-39, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1977). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-39/39title.htm.
8 Adamski, T.P., Pioneer Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-41, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1977). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-41/41title.htm.
9 Adamski, T.P., Pioneer Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-44, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1978). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-44/44title.htm.
10 Amendola, L., Charmousis, C. and Davis, S.C., “Mimicking general relativity in the Solar System”, Phys. Rev. D, 78, 084009, (2008). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0801.4339].
11 “Pioneer Missions Quarterly Review”, unknown format, (May 1987).
12 “Pioneer Missions PSG Meeting”, unknown format, (June 1988).
13 “Pioneer Missions Pioneer 10/11 PSG Meeting”, unknown format, (June 1990).
14 “Pioneer Missions Pioneer 10/11 PSG Meeting”, unknown format, (June 1993).
15 “Pioneer Missions Pioneer 10/11 PSG Meeting”, unknown format, (March 1994).
16 “Pioneer Missions Pioneer 10/11 PSG Meeting”, unknown format, (December 1994).
17 “Pioneer Project PSG”, unknown format, (December 1995).
18 “Pioneer Missions Pioneer PSG Meeting”, unknown format, (June 1996).
19 Anderson, J.D., “Lectures on physical and technical problems posed by precision radio tracking”, in Bertotti, B., ed., Experimental Gravitation, Proceedings of the International School of Physics ‘Enrico Fermi’, Course LVI, July 17 – 29, 1972, Varenna, Italy, pp. 163–199, (Academic Press, New York, 1974).
20 Anderson, J.D., Quarterly Report to NASA/Ames Research Center: Celestial Mechanics Experiment, Pioneer 10/11, JPL Interoffice Memorandum, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1992). Also see the later quarterly report for the period 1 Oct. 1992 to 31 Dec. 1992, dated 17 Dec. 1992, Letter of Agreement ARC/PP017.
21 Anderson, J.L., “Multiparticle Dynamics in an Expanding Universe”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 75, 3602–3604, (1995). [External LinkDOI].
22 Anderson, J.D., Campbell, J.K., Ekelund, J.E., Ellis, J. and Jordan, J.F., “Anomalous Orbital-Energy Changes Observed during Spacecraft Flybys of Earth”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 100, 091102, (2008). [External LinkDOI].
23 Anderson, J.D., Campbell, J.K. and Nieto, M.M., “The energy transfer process in planetary flybys”, New Astronomy, 12, 383–397, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0608087].
24 Anderson, J.D., Laing, P.A., Lau, E.L., Liu, A.S., Nieto, M.M. and Turyshev, S.G., “Indication, from Pioneer 10/11, Galileo, and Ulysses Data, of an Apparent Anomalous, Weak, Long-Range Acceleration”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 81, 2858–2861, (1998). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9808081].
25 Anderson, J.D., Laing, P.A., Lau, E.L., Liu, A.S., Nieto, M.M. and Turyshev, S.G., “Anderson et al. Reply”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 83, 1891, (1999). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9906113].
26 Anderson, J.D., Laing, P.A., Lau, E.L., Liu, A.S., Nieto, M.M. and Turyshev, S.G., “Anderson et al. Reply”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 83, 1893, (1999). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9906112].
27 Anderson, J.D., Laing, P.A., Lau, E.L., Liu, A.S., Nieto, M.M. and Turyshev, S.G., “Study of the anomalous acceleration of Pioneer 10 and 11”, Phys. Rev. D, 65(8), 082004, (2002). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0104064].
28 Anderson, J.D., Laing, P.A., Lau, E.L., Nieto, M.M. and Turyshev, S.G., “The search for a standard explanation of the Pioneer anomaly”, Mod. Phys. Lett. A, 17, 875–886, (2002). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0107022].
29 Anderson, J.D., Levy, G.S. and Renzetti, N.A., “Application of the Deep Space Network (DSN) to the testing of general relativity”, in Kovalevsky, J. and Brumberg, V.A., eds., Relativity in Celestial Mechanics and Astrometry: High Precision Dynamical Theories and Observational Verifications, Proceedings of the 114th Symposium of the IAU, held in Leningrad, USSR, May 28 – 31, 1985, p. 329, (D. Reidel / Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht; Boston, 1986).
30 Anderson, J.D. and Mashhoon, B., “Pioneer anomaly and the helicity-rotation coupling”, Phys. Lett. A, 315, 199–202, (2003). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0306024].
31 Anderson, J.D., Turyshev, S. and Nieto, M.M., “Effect of the Pioneer Anomaly on Long-Period Comet Orbits”, Bull. Am. Astron. Soc., 34, 1172, (2002). [External LinkADS].
32 Anderson, J.D., Turyshev, S.G. and Nieto, M.M., “A Mission to Test the Pioneer Anomaly”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 11, 1545–1551, (2002). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0205059].
33 Antoniadis, I., Dimopoulos, S. and Dvali, G.R., “Millimeter range forces in superstring theories with weak-scale compactification”, Nucl. Phys. B, 516, 70–82, (1998). [External Linkhep-ph/9710204].
34 Antreasian, P.G. and Guinn, J.R., “Investigations into the Unexpected Delta-V Increases During the Earth Gravity Assists of Galileo and NEAR”, MTG: Astrodynamics Specialists Conference Boston, MA, USA, conference paper, (1998). Online version (accessed 26 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2014/20322.
35 Antreasian, P.G. and Rosborough, G.W., “Prediction of Radiant Energy Forces on the TOPEX/POSEIDON Spacecraft”, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 29(1), 81–92, (1992).
36 Arkani-Hamed, N., Dimopoulos, S. and Dvali, G.R., “The hierarchy problem and new dimensions at a millimeter”, Phys. Lett. B, 429, 263–272, (1998). [External Linkhep-ph/9803315].
37 Arkani-Hamed, N., Dimopoulos, S. and Dvali, G.R., “Phenomenology, astrophysics and cosmology of theories with sub-millimeter dimensions and TeV scale quantum gravity”, Phys. Rev. D, 59, 086004, (1999). [External Linkhep-ph/9807344].
38 Asmar, S.W., Armstrong, J.W., Iess, L. and Tortora, P., “Spacecraft Doppler tracking: Noise budget and accuracy achievable in precision radio science observations”, Radio Sci., 40, (2005). [External LinkDOI].
39 Atomic Power In Space: A History, DOE/NE/32117-H1, (U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, 1987). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://www.fas.org/nuke/space/.
40 Backman, D.E., Dasgupta, A. and Stencel, R.E., “Model of a Kuiper Belt Small Grain Population and Resulting Far-Infrared Emission”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 450, L35, (1995). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
41 Bekenstein, J.D., “Relativistic gravitation theory for the MOND paradigm”, Phys. Rev. D, 70, 083509, (2004). [External Linkastro-ph/0403694].
42 Bekenstein, J. and Milgrom, M., “Does the missing mass problem signal the breakdown of Newtonian gravity?”, Astrophys. J., 286, 7–14, (1984). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
43 Belayev, W.B., “Cosmological model in 5D, stationarity, yes or no”, arXiv e-print, (1999). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9903016].
44 Belayev, W.B. and Tsipenyuk, D.Y., “Gravi-electromagnetism in five dimensions and moving bodies in galaxy area”, Spacetime & Substance, 22, 49, (2004). [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0409056].
45 Berman, A.L., Effects of the Pioneer 10 Antenna Polarization and Spacecraft Rotation as Seen in the Radio Metric Data, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. IX, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/IX/IXtitle.htm.
46 Berman, A.L., Tracking Operations During the Pioneer 10 Encounter, DSN Progress Report, 42-20, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-20/20title.htm.
47 Berman, A.L. and Schlaifer, R.S., Tracking Operations During the Pioneer 11 Jupiter Encounter, DSN Progress Report, 42-27, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1975). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-27/27itle.htm.
48 Berman, A.L., Wackley, J.A. and Rockwell, S.T., The 1976 Helios and Pioneer Solar Conjunctions–Continuing Corroboration of the Link Between Doppler Noise and Integrated Signal Path Electron Density, DSN Progress Report, 42-36, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1976). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-36/36title.htm.
49 Berman, A.L., Wackley, J.A., Rockwell, S.T. and Yee, J.G., The Pioneer 11 1976 Solar Conjunction: A Unique Opportunity to Explore the Heliographic Latitudinal Variations of the Solar Corona, DSN Progress Report, 42-35, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1976). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-35/35title.htm.
50 Bertolami, O., Böhmer, C.G., Harko, T. and Lobo, F.S.N., “Extra force in f(R) modified theories of gravity”, Phys. Rev. D, 75, 104016, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0704.1733].
51 Bertolami, O., Francisco, F., Gil, P.J.S. and Páramos, J., “Thermal analysis of the Pioneer anomaly: A method to estimate radiative momentum transfer”, Phys. Rev. D, 78, 103001, (2008). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0807.0041].
52 Bertolami, O. and García-Bellido, J., “Astrophysical and cosmological constraints on a scale-dependent gravitational coupling.”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 5, 363–373, (1996). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9502010].
53 Bertolami, O. and Páramos, J., “The Pioneer anomaly in the context of the braneworld scenario”, Class. Quantum Grav., 21, 3309–3321, (2004). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0310101].
54 Bertolami, O. and Páramos, J., “Astrophysical constraints on scalar field models”, Phys. Rev. D, 71, 023521, (2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0408216].
55 Bertolami, O. and Páramos, J., “A Mission to Test the Pioneer Anomaly: Estimating the Main Systematic Effects”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 16, 1611–1623, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0702149].
56 Bertolami, O. and Vieira, P., “Pioneer anomaly and the Kuiper Belt mass distribution”, Class. Quantum Grav., 23, 4625–4635, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0506330].
57 Bertotti, B., Iess, L. and Tortora, P., “A test of general relativity using radio links with the Cassini spacecraft”, Nature, 425, 374–376, (2003). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
58 Bierman, G.J. and Nead, M.W., A Parameter Estimation Subroutine Package, JPL Publication, 77-26 Revision 1, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1977).
59 Bini, D., Cherubini, C. and Mashhoon, B., “Vacuum C metric and the gravitational Stark effect”, Phys. Rev. D, 70, 044020, (2004). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0401071].
60 Brans, C. and Dicke, R.H., “Mach’s Principle and a Relativistic Theory of Gravitation”, Phys. Rev., 124, 925–935, (1961). [External LinkDOI].
61 Broadway, N.J., Radiation Effects Design Handbook: Section 2. Thermal-Control Coatings, NASA Contractor Report, CR-1786, (NASA, USA, 1971).
62 Brownstein, J.R. and Moffat, J.W., “Gravitational solution to the Pioneer 10/11 anomaly”, Class. Quantum Grav., 23, 3427–3436, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0511026].
63 Brumberg, V.A., Relativistic Celestial Mechanics, (Nauka, Moscow, 1972). In Russian.
64 Brumberg, V.A., Essential Relativistic Celestial Mechanics, (Adam Hilger, Bristol; Philadelphia, 1991). [External LinkGoogle Books].
65 Bruneton, J.-P. and Esposito-Farese, G., “Field-theoretical formulations of MOND-like gravity”, Phys. Rev. D, 76, 124012, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0705.4043 [gr-qc]].
66 Bryan, A.I., DSN System Testing: A Report on the DSN Pioneer G Compatibility Program, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XV, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1973). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XV/XVtitle.htm.
67 Cadoni, M., “An Einstein-Like Theory of Gravity with a Non-Newtonian Weak-Field Limit”, Gen. Relativ. Gravit., 36, 2681–2688, (2004). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0312054].
68 Calchi Novati, S., Capozziello, S. and Lambiase, G., “Newtonian Limit of Induced Gravity”, Grav. Cosmol., 6, 173–180, (2000). [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0005104].
69 Capozziello, S., De Laurentis, M. and Faraoni, V., “A bird’s eye view of f(R)-gravity”, arXiv e-print, (2009). [External LinkarXiv:0909.4672 [gr-qc]].
70 Capozziello, S., de Martino, S., de Siena, S. and Illuminati, F., “Non-Newtonian Gravity, Fluctuative Hypothesis and the Sizes of Astrophysical Structures”, Mod. Phys. Lett. A, 16, 693–706, (2001). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0104052].
71 Capozziello, S. and Lambiase, G., “Neutrino oscillations in Brans–Dicke theory of gravity”, Mod. Phys. Lett. A, 14, 2193, (1999). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/9910026].
72 Capozziello, S., Stabile, A. and Troisi, A., “The Newtonian Limit of f(R) gravity”, Phys. Rev. D, 76, 104019, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0708.0723 [gr-qc]].
73 Carrera, M. and Giulini, D., “On the influence of global cosmological expansion on the dynamics and kinematics of local systems”, arXiv e-print, (2008). [External LinkarXiv:0810.2712 [gr-qc]].
74 Chafin, R. and Pancino, M., Pioneer F & G Telemetry and Command Processor Core Dump Program, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XVI, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1973). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XVI/XVItitle.htm.
75 Chao, C.C., QVLBI Doppler Demonstrations Conducted During Pioneer 11 Encounter and Solar Conjunctions, DSN Progress Report, 42-31, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1976). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-31/31title.htm.
76 Chao, C.C., Ondrasik, V.J. and Siegel, H.L., A Demonstration of Differenced Dual-Station One-Way Doppler Conducted with Pioneer 11, DSN Progress Report, 42-45, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1978). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-45/45title.htm.
77 Chiba, T., “1∕R gravity and scalar-tensor gravity”, Phys. Lett. B, 575, 1–3, (2003). [External LinkDOI], [External Linkastro-ph/0307338].
78 Christophe, B., et al., “Odyssey: a Solar System Mission”, Exp. Astron., 23, 529–547, (2009). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0711.2007 [gr-qc]].
79 Clausen, O.W. and Kirkpatrick, J.P., “Thermal tests of an improved louver system for spacecraft thermal control”, AIAA 4th Thermophysics Conference, conference paper, (1969).
80 Coffin, R.C., Johnson, D.E. and Kuhnle, P.F., “Frequency and timing system for the consolidated DSN and STDN tracking network”, in Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) Applications and Planning Meeting, 2 – 4 December 1980, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA, NASA Conference Publication, 2175, pp. 591–614, (NASA, Washington, DC, 1981). [External LinkADS]. Online version (accessed 26 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19810018929.
81 Consoli, M. and Siringo, F., “Newtonian gravity from Higgs condensates”, arXiv e-print, (1999). [External LinkADS], [External Linkhep-ph/9910372].
82 Cooperstock, F.I., Faraoni, V. and Vollick, D.N., “The influence of the cosmological expansion on local systems”, Astrophys. J., 503, 61, (1998). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9803097].
83 Crompton, T.R., Battery Reference Book, (Newnes, Oxford; Boston, 2000), 3rd edition.
84 Curkendall, D.W. and McReynolds, S.R., “A Simplified Approach for Determining the Information Content of Radio Tracking Data”, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 6(5), 520–525, (1969).
85 Dabrowski, M.P., Denkiewicz, T. and Blaschke, D.B., “The conformal status of ω = 32 Brans-Dicke cosmology”, Ann. Phys. (Berlin), 16, 237–257, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkhep-th/0507068].
86 Damour, T. and Krauss, L.M., “A New Solar System Dark Matter Population of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 81, 5726–5729, (1998). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9806165].
87 Damour, T. and Nordtvedt Jr, K.L., “General relativity as a cosmological attractor of tensor scalar theories”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 70, 2217–2219, (1993). [External LinkDOI].
88 Damour, T. and Nordtvedt Jr, K.L., “Tensor-scalar cosmological models and their relaxation toward general relativity”, Phys. Rev. D, 48, 3436–3450, (1993). [External LinkDOI].
89 Damour, T., Soffel, M. and Xu, C., “General-relativistic celestial mechanics. I. Method and definition of reference systems”, Phys. Rev. D, 43, 3273–3307, (1991). [External LinkADS].
90 Damour, T., Soffel, M. and Xu, C., “General-relativistic celestial mechanics. II. Translational equations of motion”, Phys. Rev. D, 45, 1017–1044, (1992). [External LinkADS].
91 Damour, T., Soffel, M. and Xu, C., “General-relativistic celestial mechanics. III. Rotational equations of motion”, Phys. Rev. D, 47, 3124–3135, (1993). [External LinkADS].
92 Damour, T., Soffel, M. and Xu, C., “General-relativistic celestial mechanics. IV. Theory of satellite motion”, Phys. Rev. D, 49, 618–635, (1994). [External LinkADS].
93 de Bernardis, P., et al., “A flat Universe from high-resolution maps of the cosmic microwave background radiation”, Nature, 404, 955–959, (2000). [External LinkDOI].
94 de Diego, J.A., Núñez, D. and Zavala, J., “Pioneer Anomaly? Gravitational Pull due to the Kuiper Belt”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 15, 533–544, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0503368].
95 Deep Space Mission Systems, Deep Space Network System Requirements Detailed Interface Design, Document DSN820-13, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1991). JPL Document 820-13, Rev. A. See DSN Tracking System Interfaces, Archival Tracking Data File Interface, TRK-2-25. An example of an ATDF for the Ulysses mission (part of SFOC-NAV-2-25) may be found at http://www.igpp.ucla.edu/pds3/ULY_5101/DATA/ATDF/2040040A.LBL.
96 Deep Space Mission Systems, Deep Space Network System Requirements Detailed Interface Design, Document DSN820-13, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1991). JPL Document 820-13, Rev. A. See chapter on DSN Tracking System Interfaces, Orbit Data File Interface, TRK-2-18. An example of an ODF for the NEAR mission (part of SFOC-NAV-TRK-2-18) may be found at http://pdssbn.astro.umd.edu/data3/NEAR/nreros_2001/erosfb/odf/8357357c.lbl.
97 Deep Space Mission Systems, Deep Space Mission System (DSMS) Services Catalog, Version 7.5, by Wallace S. Tai. DSMS No. 820-100., JPL Document #D-19002, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 2003).
98 Deep Space Network, Interface Change Authorization: HSD Formats Pioneer 10-11, ICA84, (DSN, USA, 1978).
99 Deep Space Network, Interface Change Authorization: Telemetry System 1200-bit Data Interfaces, Pioneer 10-11, ICA155, (DSN, USA, 1982).
100 Deep Space Network, Release Change Description: DSN 1200-bit & 4800-bit Data Block Header Formats, RCD 020, (DSN, USA, 1992).
101 Deep Space Network, Pioneer 6-11 Project: Network Operations Plan, DSN Doc. No. 616-55 Rev.-C. Issue date: Feb. 18, 1994, JPL Doc. # D-10579 Rev. C, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1994).
102 Deep Space Network, DSN Telecommunications Link Design Handbook, 810-005 Rev. E, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 2010). URL (accessed 26 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://deepspace.jpl.nasa.gov/dsndocs/810-005/.
103 Deep Space Network, Flight Project Interface Design Book, Document 810-5, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 2003).
104 Diemand, J., Kuhlen, M. and Madau, P., “Formation and Evolution of Galaxy Dark Matter Halos and Their Substructure”, Astrophys. J., 667, 859–877, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0703337].
105 Dimopoulos, S. and Giudice, G.F., “Macroscopic Forces from Supersymmetry”, Phys. Lett. B, 379, 105–114, (1996). [External Linkhep-ph/9602350].
106 Dittus, H., et al. (Pioneer Explorer Collaboration), “A mission to explore the Pioneer anomaly”, in Favata, F., Sanz-Forcada, J., Giménez, A. and Battrick, B. (Pioneer Explorer Collaboration), eds., 39th ESLAB Symposium on Trends in Space Science and Cosmic Vision 2020, 19 – 21 April 2005, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA Special Publications, 588, pp. 3–10, (ESA Publications Division, Nordwijk, 2005). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0506139].
107 Documentation, BFEC/ARC-166A, (Bendix Field Engineering Corporation, USA, n.d.). Documentation fragment recovered by L.R. Kellogg.
108 Duha, J., Afonso, G.B. and Ferreira, L.D.D., “Thermal re-emission effects on GPS satellites”, J. Geod., 80, 665–674, (2006).
109 Dvali, G., Gabadadze, G., Kolanovic, M. and Nitti, F., “Scales of gravity”, Phys. Rev. D, 65, 024031, (2002). [External Linkhep-th/0106058].
110 Dvali, G., Gruzinov, A. and Zaldarriaga, M., “The accelerated universe and the Moon”, Phys. Rev. D, 68, 024012, (2003). [External Linkhep-ph/0212069].
111 Dyal, P., Pioneer 10 and 11 Deep Space Missions, NASA Technical Memorandum, 102269, (NASA, Washington, DC, 1990).
112 Earmann, J. and Janssen, M., “Einstein’s Explanation of the Motion of Mercury’s Perihelion”, in Earman, J., Janssen, M. and Norton, J.D., eds., The Attraction of Gravitation: New Studies in the History of General Relativity, Einstein Studies,  5, pp. 129–172, (Birkhäuser, Boston; Basel, 1993). [External LinkGoogle Books].
113 Eddington, A.S., The Mathematical Theory of Relativity, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1957). [External LinkGoogle Books].
114 Edwards, D.K. and Hall, W.M., Far-Infrared Reflectance of Spacecraft Coatings, NASA Technical Report, No. 32-873, (NASA, USA, 1966).
115 Einstein, A., “Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation”, Sitzungsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., Phys.-Math. Kl., 1915, 844–847, (1915). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://einstein-annalen.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/related_texts/sitzungsberichte/6E3MAXK4.
116 Einstein, A., “Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie”, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig), 49, 769–822, (1916). [External LinkDOI]. Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://www.alberteinstein.info/gallery/gtext3.html.
117 Einstein, A., Infeld, L. and Hoffmann, B., “The Gravitational Equations and the Problem of Motion”, Ann. Math., 39, 65–100, (1938). [External LinkDOI].
118 Einstein, A. and Straus, E.G., “The Influence of the Expansion of Space on the Gravitation Fields Surrounding the Individual Stars”, Rev. Mod. Phys., 17, 120–124, (1945). [External LinkDOI].
119 “The Need for Space Flight Opportunities in Fundamental Physics”, online resource, European Physical Society, (2005). URL (accessed 30 August 2010):
External Linkhttp://www.eps.org/activities/position-papers.
120 Estabrook, F.B., “Post-Newtonian n-body Equations of the Brans-Dicke Theory”, Astrophys. J., 158, 81, (1969). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
121 Estefan, J.A. and Sovers, O.J., A Comparative Survey of Current and Proposed Tropospheric Refraction-Delay Models for DSN Radio Metric Data Calibration, JPL Publication, 94-24, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1994).
122 Exirifard, Q., “A new evidence against the covariant resolution of the Pioneers’ anomaly”, Class. Quantum Grav., 26, 025001, (2009). [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0708.0662 [hep-th]].
123 Falin, B.W., DSN frequency and timing system, Mark 4-85, TDA Progress Report, 42-82, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1985). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-82/82title.htm.
124 Ferreira, P.C., “A Locally Anisotropic Metric for Matter in an Expanding Universe: I. The Ansatz and the Modified Newton Law”, arXiv e-print, (2009). [External LinkarXiv:0907.0847 [astro-ph.CO]].
125 Fienga, A., Laskar, J., Kuchynka, P., Le Poncin-Lafitte, C., Manche, H. and Gastineau, M., “Gravity tests with INPOP planetary ephemerides”, in Klioner, S.A., Seidelmann, P.K. and Soffel, M.H., eds., Relativity in Fundamental Astronomy: Dynamics, Reference Frames, and Data Analysis, Proceedings IAU Symposium No. 261, 22 April – 1 May 2009, Virginia Beach, VA, USA, Proc. IAU, 261, pp. 159–169, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; New York, 2010). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
126 Fimmel, R.O., Swindell, W. and Burgess, E., Pioneer Odyssey: First into the Outer Solar System, NASA Special Publication, SP-349/396, (NASA, Washington, DC, 1977), rev. edition. Online version (accessed 26 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://history.nasa.gov/SP-349/sp349.htm.
127 Fimmel, R.O., Van Allen, J.A. and Burgess, E., Pioneer: First to Jupiter, Saturn, and Beyond, NASA Publications, SP-446, (NASA, Washington, DC, 1980). Online version (accessed 26 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19810007410.
128 Folkner, W.M., DSN Station Locations and Uncertainties, TDA Progress Report, 42-128, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1997).
129 Folkner, W.M., “Relativistic aspects of the JPL planetary ephemeris”, in Klioner, S.A., Seidelmann, P.K. and Soffel, M.H., eds., Relativity in Fundamental Astronomy: Dynamics, Reference Frames, and Data Analysis, Proceedings IAU Symposium No. 261, 22 April – 1 May 2009, Virginia Beach, VA, USA, Proc. IAU, 261, pp. 155–158, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; New York, 2010). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
130 Foot, R. and Volkas, R.R., “A mirror world explanation for the Pioneer spacecraft anomalies?”, Phys. Lett. B, 517, 13–17, (2001). [External Linkhep-ph/0108051].
131 Frauenholz, R.B., “Maneuver Reconstruction Techniques for Open-Loop Spin-Stabilized Spacecraft”, J. Guid. Control Dyn., 5(3), 270–277, (1980).
132 Frauenholz, R.B. and Brady, W.F., “Maneuver Sequence Design for the Post-Jupiter Leg of the Pioneer Saturn Mission”, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 14(7), 395–400, (1977).
133 Frauenholz, R.B. and Farless, D.L., “Maneuver Strategies for the Extended Pioneer 11 Jupiter/Saturn Mission”, AIAA Mechanics and Control of Flight Conference, Anaheim, CA, August 5 – 9, 1974, conference paper, (1974).
134 Frauenholz, R.B. and Farless, D.L., “Earth-Line Maneuver Strategies for the Extended Pioneer 11 Jupiter/Saturn Mission”, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 12(5), 271–279, (1975).
135 Furlong, R.R. and Wahlquist, E.J., “U.S. space missions using radioisotope power systems”, Nuclear News, 42, 26–34, (1999). Online version (accessed 30 August 2010):
External Linkhttp://www2.ans.org/pubs/magazines/nn/pdfs/1999-4-2.pdf.
136 Galbreath, E.A., Brouwer-Lyddane Orbit Generator Routine, NASA Technical Memorandum, TM X-65361, (NASA, Greenbelt, MD, 1970). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19700033083.
137 Gautreau, R., “Imbedding a Schwarzschild mass into cosmology”, Phys. Rev. D, 29, 198–206, (1984). [External LinkDOI].
138 Gelb, A., ed., Applied Optimal Estimation, (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1974). [External LinkGoogle Books].
139 Gor’kavyi, N.N., Ozernoy, L.M. and Taidakova, T., “The Large Scale Structures in the Solar System: II. Resonant Dust Belts Associated With the Orbits of Four Giant Planets”, arXiv e-print, (1998). [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9812480].
140 Gundlach, J.H., Schlamminger, S., Spitzer, C.D., Choi, K.-Y., Woodahl, B.A., Coy, J.J. and Fischbach, E., “Laboratory Test of Newton’s Second Law for Small Accelerations”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 98, 150801, (2007). [External LinkDOI].
141 Hackmann, E. and Lämmerzahl, C., “Complete Analytic Solution of the Geodesic Equation in Schwarzschild-(Anti-)de Sitter Spacetimes”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 100, 171101, (2008). [External LinkDOI].
142 Hackmann, E. and Lämmerzahl, C., “Geodesic equation in Schwarzschild-(anti-)de Sitter space-times: Analytical solutions and applications”, Phys. Rev. D, 78, 024035, (2008). [External LinkDOI].
143 Hall, C.F. and Mickelwatt, A.B., “Development of the interplanetary Pioneer spacecraft”, Systems Engineering I (Unmanned) Session at the XVIIIth IAF Congress in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, conference paper, (1967).
144 Henninger, J.H., Solar Absorptance and Thermal Emittance of Some Common Spacecraft Thermal-Control Coatings, NASA Reference Publication, 1121, (NASA, USA, 1984).
145 Hesprich, G.V., Pioneer F/G appendage deployment, (TRW Systems Space Vehicles Division, Redondo Beach, CA, 1970). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19710069136.
146 Hexadecimal Dump of MDR Records, ATSC/ARC-223, (AlliedSignal Technical Services Corporation, USA, n.d.).
147 Hinedi, S., A Functional Description of the Advanced Receiver, TDA Progress Report, 42-100, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1990). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-100/100title.htm.
148 Ho, C. and Morabito, D., DSMS Telecommunications Link Design Handbook 106, Rev. A: Solar Corona and Solar Wind Effects, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 2005). Online version (accessed 30 August 2010):
External Linkhttp://deepspace.jpl.nasa.gov/dsndocs/810-005/106/106A.pdf.
149 Hoffmann, A.H., Pioneer F and G Mission Support Area, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. V, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1971). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/V/Vtitle.htm.
150 Hurd, W.J., Brown, D.H., Vilnrotter, V.A. and Wiggins, J.D., Telemetry SNR Improvement Using the DSN Advanced Receiver With Results for Pioneer 10, TDA Progress Report, 42-93, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1988). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-93/93title.htm.
151 IEEE Standard for Binary Floating-Point Arithmetic, ANSI/IEEE Std 754-1985, (IEEE, New York, 1985). [External LinkDOI].
152 Imbriale, W.A., Large Antennas of the Deep Space Network, (Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, 2003). [External LinkDOI].
153 Iorio, L., “Dynamical determination of the mass of the Kuiper Belt from motions of the inner planets of the Solar system”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 375, 1311–1314, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0609023].
154 Iorio, L. and Giudice, G., “What do the orbital motions of the outer planets of the Solar System tell us about the Pioneer anomaly?”, New Astronomy, 11, 600–607, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0601055].
155 Ivanov, M.A., “Possible Manifestations of the Graviton Background”, Gen. Relativ. Gravit., 33, 479–490, (2001). [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0005084].
156 Jaekel, M.-T. and Reynaud, S., “Gravity Tests in the Solar System and the Pioneer Anomaly”, Mod. Phys. Lett. A, 20, 1047–1055, (2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0410148].
157 Jaekel, M.-T. and Reynaud, S., “Post-Einsteinian tests of linearized gravitation”, Class. Quantum Grav., 22, 2135–2158, (2005). [External Linkgr-qc/0502007].
158 Jaekel, M.-T. and Reynaud, S., “Post-Einsteinian tests of gravitation”, Class. Quantum Grav., 23, 777–798, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0510068].
159 Jaekel, M.-T. and Reynaud, S., “Radar ranging and Doppler tracking in post-Einsteinian metric theories of gravity”, Class. Quantum Grav., 23, 7561–7579, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0610155].
160 Jaekel, M.-T. and Reynaud, S., “Gravity Tests and the Pioneer Anomaly”, in Dittus, H., Lämmerzahl, C. and Turyshev, S.G., eds., Lasers, Clocks and Drag-Free Control: Exploration of Relativistic Gravity in Space, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 349, pp. 193–208, (Springer, Berlin; New York, 2008). [External LinkADS].
161 Johnston, D.W.H., Pioneer Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-46, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1978).
162 Jupiter, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1974).
163 Kagramanova, V., Kunz, J. and Lämmerzahl, C., “Solar system effects in Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime”, Phys. Lett. B, 634, 465–470, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0602002].
164 Katz, J.I., “Comment on ‘Indication, from Pioneer 10/11, Galileo, and Ulysses Data, of an Apparent Anomalous, Weak, Long-Range Acceleration”’, Phys. Rev. Lett., 83, 1892, (1999). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9809070].
165 Kaviany, M., Principles of Heat Transfer, (Wiley, New York, 2001).
166 Keihm, S.J., Water Vapor Radiometer Measurements of the Tropospheric Delay Fluctuations at Goldstone Over a Full Year, TDA Progress Report, 42-122, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1995). Online version (accessed 30 August 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-122/122J.pdf.
167 Kellogg, L.R., “Pioneer 10 MDR interpretation”, personal communication, (2003).
168 Kerr, A.W., Hauck, J.C. and Mashhoon, B., “Standard Clocks, Orbital Precession and the Cosmological Constant”, Class. Quantum Grav., 20, 2727, (2003). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0301057].
169 Kinsella, G., “Pioneer 10 Thermal Analysis”, personal communication, (2007).
170 Kinsella, G., Lee, S.-C. and Lok, D., “Pioneer anomaly thermal analysis status”, personal communication, (2007–2009).
171 Kinsella, G., Lee, S.-C., Lok, D.S. and Turyshev, S.G., “Pioneer thermal modelling: An Overview of Recent Activities and the Current Status”, Second Pioneer Explorer Collaboration meeting at ISSI, Bern, Switzerland, February 19 – 23, 2007, conference paper, (2007).
172 Kinsella, G., Lee, S.-C., Lok, D.S. and Turyshev, S.G., “Thermal Engineering Status for the Pioneer 10 Anomaly Meeting”, Third Pioneer Explorer Collaboration meeting at ISSI, Bern, Switzerland, February 18 – 22, 2008, conference paper, (2008).
173 Konopliv, A.S., Yoder, C.F., Standish, E.M., Yuan, D.-N. and Sjogren, W.L., “A global solution for the Mars static and seasonal gravity, Mars orientation, Phobos and Deimos masses, and Mars ephemeris”, Icarus, 182, 23–50, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
174 Kowalski-Glikman, J. and Smolin, L., “Triply special relativity”, Phys. Rev. D, 70, 065020, (2004). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:hep-th/0406276].
175 Lachièze-Rey, M., “Cosmology in the solar system: the Pioneer effect is not cosmological”, Class. Quantum Grav., 24, 2735–2741, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0701021].
176 Lämmerzahl, C., “The Pioneer Anomaly and the Solar System in the Expanding Universe”, Workshop ‘Intertwining Theory and Observational Evidence in Contemporary Cosmology’, Wuppertal University, Germany, February 12 – 14, 2009, conference paper, (2009). Online version (accessed 20 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://www.izwt.uni-wuppertal.de/files/Laemmerzahl_Pioneer_anomaly.pdf.
177 Lämmerzahl, C., Preuss, O. and Dittus, H., “Is the Physics Within the Solar System Really Understood?”, in Dittus, H., Lämmerzahl, C. and Turyshev, S.G., eds., Lasers, Clocks and Drag-Free Control: Exploration of Relativistic Gravity in Space, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 349, pp. 75–104, (Springer, Berlin; New York, 2008). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0604052], [External LinkGoogle Books].
178 Landgraf, M., Liou, J.-C., Zook, H.A. and Grün, E., “Origins of Solar System Dust beyond Jupiter”, Astrophys. J., 123, 2857–2861, (2002). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0201291].
179 Levy, A., Christophe, B., Berio, P., Metris, G., Courty, J.-M. and Reynaud, S., “Pioneer Doppler data analysis: study of periodic anomalies”, Adv. Space Res., 43, 1538–1544, (2009). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0809.2682 [gr-qc]].
180 Lienhard IV, J.H. and Lienhard V, J.H., A Heat Transfer Textbook, (Phlogiston Press, Cambridge, 2002), 3rd edition. Online version (accessed 26 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://web.mit.edu/lienhard/www/ahtt.html.
181 Lisman, S., Cassini Non-Gravitational Force and Torque Estimates, Final Guidance Analysis Book Documentation, JPL Interoffice Memorandum, 3456-94-004, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1994).
182 Liu, A.S., Range Measurements to Pioneer 10 Using the Digitally Controlled Oscillator, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XIX, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XIX/XIXtitle.htm.
183 Liu, A.S., Three Tropocentric Range Measurements to Pioneer 10 Near Jupiter Encounter and a Preliminary Estimate of an Earth Barycenter to Jupiter Barycenter Distance, DSN Progress Report, 42-21, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-21/21title.htm.
184 Liu, A. and Pease, G., “Preliminary Estimates of Range Measurements to a Spacecraft by Means of Ground Digitally Controlled Oscillators”, AIAA Mechanics and Control of Flight Conference, Anaheim, CA, August 5 – 9, 1974, conference paper, (1974).
185 Liu, A. and Pease, G., “Spacecraft Ranging from a Ground Digitally Controlled Oscillator”, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 12(9), 528–532, (1974).
186 Longuski, J.M., Todd, R.E. and König, W.W., “Survey of Nongravitational Forces and Space Environmental Torques: Applied to the Galileo”, J. Guid. Control Dyn., 15, 545, (1992).
187 Mäkelä, J., “Pioneer Effect: An Interesting Numerical Coincidence”, arXiv e-print, (2007). [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0710.5460 [gr-qc]].
188 Malhotra, R., “The Origin of Pluto’s Orbit: Implications for the Solar System Beyond Neptune”, Astron. J., 110, 420, (1995). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9504036].
189 Mann, I. and Kimura, H., “Interstellar dust properties derived from mass density, mass distribution, and flux rates in the heliosphere”, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 10,317–10,328, (2000). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
190 Manned Space Flight and Launch Vehicle Panel, National Launch Vehicle Summary, (Aeronautics and Astronautics Coordinating Board, USA, 1972).
191 Mansouri, R., Nasseri, F. and Khorrami, M., “Effective time variation of G in a model universe with variable space dimension”, Phys. Lett. A, 259, 194–200, (1999). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9905052].
192 Markwardt, C.B., “Markwardt IDL Library”, personal homepage, UW Madison. URL (accessed 9 February 2008):
External Linkhttp://cow.physics.wisc.edu/~craigm/idl/idl.html.
193 Markwardt, C.B., “Notes on ATDF Doppler Tracking Data”, personal homepage, NASA. URL (accessed 9 February 2008):
External Linkhttp://lheawww.gsfc.nasa.gov/users/craigm/atdf/.
194 Markwardt, C.B., “Independent Confirmation of the Pioneer 10 Anomalous Acceleration”, arXiv e-print, (2002). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0208046].
195 Marmet, P., “Anomalous Acceleration of Pioneer 10 and 11: Dust Density in the Kuiper Belt”, in Duffy, M.C., Gladyshev, V.O. and Morozov, A.N., eds., Physical Interpreations of Relativity (PIRT 2003), Moscow, 30 June – 3 July, 2003, pp. 334–337, (Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, 2003). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://www.newtonphysics.on.ca/anomalous/.
196 Mashhoon, B., “Modification of the Doppler effect due to the helicity-rotation coupling”, Phys. Lett. A, 306, 66–72, (2002). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0209079].
197 Massa, C., “Variable cosmological ‘constant’ and motion of a test particle in a cloud of dust”, Astrophys. Space Sci., 317, 139–141, (2008). [External LinkDOI].
198 Matsakis, D.N., Taylor, J.H. and Eubanks, T.M., “A statistic for describing pulsar and clock stabilities”, Astron. Astrophys., 326, 924–928, (1997). [External LinkADS].
199 Mbelek, J.P., “General relativity and quintessence explain the Pioneer anomaly”, arXiv e-print, (2004). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0407023].
200 Mbelek, J.P., Mosquera Cuesta, H.J., Novello, M. and Salim, J.M., “Nonlinear electrodynamics and the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft anomaly”, Europhys. Lett., 77, 19001, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0608538].
201 McCulloch, M.E., “Modelling the Pioneer anomaly as modified inertia”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 376, 338–342, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0612599].
202 McVittie, G.C., “The Problem of η Bodies and the Expansion of the Universe”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 91, 274, (1931). [External LinkADS].
203 McVittie, G.C., “The mass-particle in an expanding universe”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 93, 325–339, (1933). [External LinkADS].
204 Melbourne, W.G., Radio Occultations Using Earth Satellites: A Wave Theory Treatment,  6, (JPL, Pasadena, 2004). URL (accessed 20 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://descanso.jpl.nasa.gov/Monograph/series6_chapter.cfm.
205 Mendes, V.B. and Langley, R.B., “A Comprehensive Analysis of Mapping Functions Used in Modeling Tropospheric Propagation Delay in Space Geodetic Data”, in Proceedings of KIS94, International Symposium on Kinematic Systems in Geodesy, Geomatics and Navigation, Banff, Canada, August 30 – September 2, 1994, pp. 87–98, (The University of Calgary, Calgary, 1994).
206 Merrill, R., Snoddy, W. and Schocken, K., The Results of Emittance Measurements Made in Relation to the Thermal Design of Explorer Spacecraft, NASA Technical Note, D-1116, (NASA, USA, 1962).
207 Meshishnek, M.J., Hemminger, C.S. and Gyetvay, S.R., Space Environmental Exposure of IITRI White Thermal Control Paints, A634203, (The Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, CA, 1995).
208 Meyer, F., Bamler, R., Jakowski, N. and Fritz, T., “The Potential of Broadband L-Band SAR Systems for Small Scale Ionospheric TEC Mapping”, in Lacoste, H., ed., Proceedings of Fringe 2005 Workshop, Frascati, Italy, 28 – 2 December 2005, ESA Special Publications, SP-610, (ESA Publications Division, Nordwijk, 2006). Online version (accessed 25 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://earth.esa.int/fringe05/proceedings/.
209 Mihalas, D. and Weibel-Mihalas, B., Foundations of Radiation Hydrodynamics, (Dover, Mineola, NY, 1999).
210 Milani, A., Nobili, A.M. and Farinella, P., Non-Gravitational Perturbations and Satellite Geodesy, (Adam Hilger, Bristol, 1987).
211 Milgrom, M., “A modification of the Newtonian dynamics as a possible alternative to the hidden mass hypothesis”, Astrophys. J., 270, 365–370, (1983). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
212 Milgrom, M., “A modification of the Newtonian dynamics: Implications for galaxies”, Astrophys. J., 270, 371–389, (1983). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
213 Milgrom, M., “MOND – a Pedagogical Review”, Acta Phys. Pol. B, 32, 3613, (2001). [External Linkastro-ph/0112069].
214 Milgrom, M., “MOND as modified inertia”, in Mamon, G.A., Combes, F., Deffayet, C. and Fort, B., eds., Mass Profiles and Shapes of Cosmological Structures, 21st IAP Colloquium, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, France, July 4 – 9, 2005, EAS Publications Series,  20, pp. 217–224, (EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, France, 2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0510117].
215 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XV, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1973). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XV/XVtitle.htm.
216 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XVI, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1973). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XVI/XVItitle.htm.
217 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XVII, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1973). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XVII/XVIItitle.htm.
218 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XVIII, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1973). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XVIII/XVIIItitle.htm.
219 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XIX, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XIX/XIXtitle.htm.
220 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-21, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-21/21title.htm.
221 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-22, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-22/22title.htm.
222 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-24, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-24/24title.htm.
223 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 11 Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-26, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1975). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-26/26title.htm.
224 Miller, R.B., Pioneer Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-30, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1975). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-30/30title.htm.
225 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-33, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1976). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-33/33title.htm.
226 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-47, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1978). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-47/47title.htm.
227 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 11 Saturn Encounter Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-52, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1979). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-52/52title.htm.
228 Miller, R.B., Pioneer 11 Saturn Encounter Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-54, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1979). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-54/54title.htm.
229 Minguzzi, E., “Possible relation between galactic flat rotational curves and the Pioneers’ anomalous acceleration”, New Astronomy, 12, 142–145, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0603790].
230 Misner, C.W., Thorne, K.S. and Wheeler, J.A., Gravitation, (W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, 1973).
231 Modanese, G., “Effect of a scale-dependent cosmological term on the motion of small test particles in a Schwarzschild background”, Nucl. Phys. B, 556, 397–408, (1999). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9903085].
232 Moffat, J.W., “Modified Gravitational Theory and the Pioneer 10 and 11 Spacecraft Anomalous Acceleration”, arXiv e-print, (2004). [External Linkgr-qc/0405076].
233 Moffat, J.W., “Scalar–tensor–vector gravity theory”, J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys., 2006(03), 004, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0506021].
234 Moffat, J.W. and Toth, V.T., “Fundamental parameter-free solutions in Modified Gravity”, Class. Quantum Grav., 26, 085002, (2009). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0712.1796 [gr-qc]].
235 Montenbruck, O. and Gill, B., Satellite Orbits: Models, Methods and Applications, (Springer, Berlin; New York, 2005), 3rd edition.
236 Morabito, D.D. and Asmar, S.W., Radio-Science Performance Analysis Software, TDA Progress Report, 42-120, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1995). Online version (accessed 30 August 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-120/120B.pdf.
237 Moyer, T.D., Mathematical Formulation of the Double Precision Orbit Determination Program (DPODP), JPL Technical Report, 32-1527, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1971). Online version (accessed 20 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19710017134.
238 Moyer, T.D., “Transformation from Proper Time on Earth to Coordinate Time in Solar System Barycentric Space-Time Frame of Reference - Part I”, Celest. Mech., 23, 33–56, (1981). [External LinkADS].
239 Moyer, T.D., “Transformation from Proper Time on Earth to Coordinate Time in Solar System Barycentric Space-Time Frame of Reference - Part II”, Celest. Mech., 23, 57–68, (1981). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
240 Moyer, T.D., Formulation for Observed and Computed Values of Deep Space Network Data Types for Navigation, JPL Deep-Space Communications and Navigation Series, (John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, 2003).
241 Mudgway, D.J., Uplink-Downlink: A History of the Deep Space Network 1957–1997, NASA History Series, SP-4227, (NASA, Washington, DC, 2001). Online version (accessed 30 August 2010):
External Linkhttp://history.nasa.gov/SP-4227/Uplink-Downlink.pdf.
242 Muhleman, D.O. and Anderson, J.D., “Solar Wind Electron Densities From Viking Dual-Frequency Radio Measurements”, Astrophys. J., 247, 1093–1101, (1981).
243 Muhleman, D.O., Esposito, P.B. and Anderson, J.D., “The electron density profile of the outer corona and the interplanetary medium from Mariner-6 and Mariner-7 time-delay measurements”, Astrophys. J., 211, 943–957, (1977).
244 Munyaneza, F. and Viollier, R.D., “Heavy neutrino dark matter in the solar system”, arXiv e-print, (1999). [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9910566].
245 Murphy, E.M., “Prosaic Explanation for the Anomalous Accelerations Seen in Distant Spacecraft”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 83, 1890, (1999). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9810015].
246 Natarajan, A. and Sikivie, P., “Robustness of discrete flows and caustics in cold dark matter cosmology”, Phys. Rev. D, 72, 083513, (2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0508049].
247 Navarro, J.F., Frenk, C.S. and White, S.D.M., “A Universal Density Profile from Hierarchical Clustering”, Astrophys. J., 490, 493, (1997). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9611107].
248 Nevarez, R.E., Pioneer 10 Through 12 Support, TDA Progress Report, 42-58, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1980). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-58/58title.htm.
249 Nevarez, R.E., Pioneer 10 and 11 Mission Support, TDA Progress Report, 42-61, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1981). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-61/61title.htm.
250 Nevarez, R.E., Pioneers 6 Through 12 Mission Support, TDA Progress Report, 42-63, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1981). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-63/63title.htm.
251 Nevarez, R.E., Pioneers 6 Through 12 Mission Support, TDA Progress Report, 42-65, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1981). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-65/65title.htm.
252 Newhall, X.X., Standish, E.M. and Williams, J.G., “DE 102: A numerically integrated ephemeris of the Moon and planets spanning forty-four centuries”, Astron. Astrophys., 125, 150, (1983).
253 Nieto, M.M., “Analytic gravitational-force calculations for models of the Kuiper Belt, with application to the Pioneer anomaly”, Phys. Rev. D, 72, 083004, (2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0506281].
254 Nieto, M.M., “New Horizons and the onset of the Pioneer anomaly”, Phys. Lett. B, 659, 483–485, (2008). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0710.5135].
255 Nieto, M.M. and Anderson, J.D., “Using early data to illuminate the Pioneer anomaly”, Class. Quantum Grav., 22, 5343–5354, (2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0507052].
256 Nieto, M.M. and Anderson, J.D., “Search for a Solution of the Pioneer Anomaly”, Contemp. Phys., 48, 41–54, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0709.3866 [gr-qc]].
257 Nieto, M.M. and Anderson, J.D., “Seeking a solution of the Pioneer Anomaly”, arXiv e-print, (2007). [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0709.1917 [gr-qc]].
258 Nieto, M.M. and Anderson, J.D., “Earth Flyby Anomalies”, Phys. Today, 62, 76–77, (2009). [External LinkarXiv:0910.1321 [gr-qc]].
259 Nieto, M.M., Anderson, J.D., Laing, P.A., Lau, E.L. and Turyshev, S.G., “The Anomalous Trajectories of the Pioneer Spacecraft”, arXiv e-print, (2001). [External LinkADS], [External Linkhep-ph/0110373].
260 Nieto, M.M. and Turyshev, S.G., “Finding the origin of the Pioneer anomaly”, Class. Quantum Grav., 21, 4005–4023, (2004). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0308017].
261 Nieto, M.M. and Turyshev, S.G., “Measuring the Interplanetary Medium with a Solar Sail”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 13, 899–906, (2004). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0308108].
262 Nieto, M.M., Turyshev, S.G. and Anderson, J.D., “Directly measured limit on the interplanetary matter density from Pioneer 10 and 11”, Phys. Lett. B, 613, 11–19, (2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0501626].
263 Nieto, M.M., Turyshev, S.G. and Anderson, J.D., “The Pioneer Anomaly: The Data, its Meaning, and a Future Test”, in Macias, A., Lämmerzahl, C. and Nunez, D., eds., Gravitation and Cosmology, AIP Conf. Proc., 758, pp. 113–128, (American Institute of Physics, Melville, NJ, 2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
264 Nordtvedt Jr, K.L., “Equivalence Principle for Massive Bodies. I. Phenomenology”, Phys. Rev., 169, 1014–1016, (1968). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
265 Nordtvedt Jr, K.L., “Equivalence Principle for Massive Bodies. II. Theory”, Phys. Rev., 169, 1017–1025, (1968). [External LinkDOI].
266 Nordtvedt Jr, K.L., “Equivalence principle for massive bodies including rotational energy and radiation pressure”, Phys. Rev., 180, 1293–1298, (1969). [External LinkADS].
267 Nordtvedt Jr, K.L. and Will, C.M., “Conservation Laws and Preferred Frames in Relativistic Gravity. II. Experimental Evidence to Rule Out Preferred-Frame Theories of Gravity”, Astrophys. J., 177, 775–792, (1972). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
268 Nottale, L., “The Pioneer anomalous acceleration: a measurement of the cosmological constant at the scale of the solar system”, arXiv e-print, (2003). [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0307042].
269 Null, G.W., “Gravity field of Jupiter and its satellite from Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 tracking data”, Astron. J., 81, 1153–1161, (1976). [External LinkADS].
270 Null, G.W., Lau, E.L., Biller, E.D. and Anderson, J.D., “Saturn gravity results obtained from Pioneer 11 tracking data and Earth-based Saturn satellite data”, Astron. J., 86, 456, (1981).
271 Nyambuya, G.G., “On a Possible Gravitational Origin of the Pioneer Anomaly”, arXiv e-print, (2008). [External LinkarXiv:0803.1370 [physics.gen-ph]].
272 Office of Space Science and Applications, The Pioneer Mission to Jupiter, SP-268, (NASA, Washington, DC, 1971). Online version (accessed 27 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19710022890.
273 Oliveira, F.J., “Is the Pioneer Anomaly a Counter Example to the Dark Matter Hypothesis?”, Int. J. Theor. Phys., 46, 3193–3200, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0610029].
274 Olsen, Ø., “The constancy of the Pioneer anomalous acceleration”, Astron. Astrophys., 463, 393–397, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
275 O’Reilly, B.D. and Chao, C.C., An Evalulation of QVLBI OD Analysis of Pioneer 10 Encounter Data in the Presence of Unmodeled Satellite Accelerations, DSN Progress Report, 42-22, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-22/22title.htm.
276 Ostvang, D., “An explanation of the ‘Pioneer effect’ based on quasi- metric relativity”, Class. Quantum Grav., 19, 4131–4140, (2002). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/9910054].
277 Page, G.L., Dixon, D.S. and Wallin, J.F., “Can Minor Planets Be Used to Assess Gravity in the Outer Solar System?”, Astrophys. J., 642, 606–614, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0504367].
278 Page, G.L., Wallin, J.F. and Dixon, D.S., “Minor Planets as a Probe of the Gravitational Field in the Outer Solar System”, Bull. Am. Astron. Soc., 37, 1414, (2005). [External LinkADS].
279 Peacock, J.A., et al., “A measurement of the cosmological mass density from clustering in the 2dF galaxy redshift survey”, Nature, 410, 169–173, (2001). [External Linkastro-ph/0103143].
280 Perlmutter, S., et al., “Discovery of a supernova explosion at half the age of the universe”, Nature, 391, 51, (1998). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9712212].
281 Pham, T.T., Simon, M.K., Peng, T.K., Brockman, M.H., Kent, S.S. and Weller, R., A Carrier-Arraying Demonstration at Goldstone for Receiving Pioneer 11 Signals, TDA Progress Report, 42-106, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1991). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-106/106title.htm.
282 Pioneer 10 Doppler Tracking Data, 72-012A-09A, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1982).
283 “Pioneer 10 Sequence of Events”, unknown format, (1972). Documentation fragment recovered by L.R. Kellogg.
284 Pioneer 10 Sigma 5 On-line Data Processing System (SOLDPS), BFEC/ARC-061, (Bendix Field Engineering Corporation, USA, 1975).
285 Pioneer 11: First to Saturn, (BENDIX Field Engineering Corporation, Sunnyvale, CA, 1979).
286 Pioneer: First to Jupiter, Saturn and Beyond. Bibliography, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1980).
287 Pioneer H Jupiter Swingby Out-of-the-Ecliptic Mission Study: Final Report, NASA-TM-108108, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1971). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19930073120.
288 Pioneer Mission to Jupiter – Special Issue, The Astrogram, XIV(10), (Ames Research Center, Moffat Field, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 25 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://history.arc.nasa.gov/astrogram.htm.
289 Pioneer Program Pioneer F/G: EGSE Computer Programming Specifications for Scientific Instruments, PC-260, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1972).
290 Pioneer Program Pioneer F/G: GOE/DSN Interface, PC-224, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1971).
291 Pioneer Program Pioneer F/G: On-line Ground Data System Software Specification, PC-261, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1970).
292 Pioneer Program Pioneer F/G: Spacecraft Operational Characteristics, PC-202, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1971).
293 Pioneer Program Pioneer F/G: Spacecraft Scientific Instruments, PC-220, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1970).
294 Pioneer Program Pioneer F/G Spacecraft/RTG Interface, PC-223, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, n.d.).
295 Pioneer Saturn Encounter, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1979).
296 Pioneer to Jupiter: A History, (TRW Corporation, USA, 1973).
297 Pioneer/Jupiter Newsletter, 1–10, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1972–1974).
298 Pioneer/Jupiter Status Bulletin, 1–5, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1973–1974).
299 Plamondon, J.A., Analysis Of Movable Louvers For Temperature Control, JPL Technical Report, No. 32-555, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1964).
300 Press, W.H. and Spergel, D.N., “Capture by the sun of a galactic population of weakly interacting, massive particles”, Astrophys. J., 296, 679–684, (1985). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
301 Rañada, A.F., “The Pioneer riddle, the quantum vacuum and the variation of the light velocity”, Europhys. Lett., 63, 653–659, (2003). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0211052].
302 Rañada, A.F., “The Pioneer anomaly as acceleration of the clocks”, Found. Phys., 34, 1955–1971, (2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0410084].
303 Rañada, A.F. and Tiemblo, A., “Time, Clocks and Parametric Invariance”, Found. Phys., 38, 458–469, (2008). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
304 Randall, L. and Sundrum, R., “Large Mass Hierarchy from a Small Extra Dimension”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 83, 3370–3373, (1999). [External LinkDOI].
305 Rathke, A., “Testing for the Pioneer anomaly on a Pluto exploration mission”, arXiv e-print, (2004). [External Linkastro-ph/0409373].
306 Rathke, A. and Izzo, D., “Options for a Nondedicated Mission to Test the Pioneer Anomaly”, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 43, 806–821, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0504634].
307 Reid, M.S. and Gardner, R.A., System Noise Temperature Calibrations of the Research and Development Systems at DSS 14, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XIX, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1974). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XIX/XIXtitle.htm.
308 Renzetti, N.A., et al., The Deep Space Network – A Radio Communications Instrument for Deep Space Exploration, 82-104, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1983). [External LinkADS]. Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19830028031.
309 Reynaud, S. and Jaekel, M.-T., “Long range gravity tests and the Pioneer anomaly”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 16, 2091–2105, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0610160].
310 Riess, A.G., et al. (Supernova Search Team Collaboration), “Observational Evidence from Supernovae for an Accelerating Universe and a Cosmological Constant”, Astron. J., 116, 1009–1038, (1998).
311 Rievers, B., Bremer, S., List, M., Lämmerzahl, C. and Dittus, H., “Thermal dissipation force modeling with preliminary results for Pioneer 10/11”, Acta Astronaut., 66(3–4), 467–476, (2010). [External LinkDOI].
312 Rievers, B., Lämmerzahl, C., List, M., Bremer, S. and Dittus, H., “New powerful thermal modelling for high-precision gravity missions with application to Pioneer 10/11”, New J. Phys., 11, 113032, (2009). [External LinkDOI]. URL (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://stacks.iop.org/1367-2630/11/i=11/a=113032.
313 Rockwell, G.M., Pioneer 11 Saturn Encounter Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-53, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1979). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-53/53title.htm.
314 Rockwell, G.M., Pioneer Mission Support, DSN Progress Report, 42-55, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1980). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-55/55title.htm.
315 Rosales, J.L., “The Pioneer’s Anomalous Doppler Drift as a Berry Phase”, arXiv e-print, (2004). [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0401014].
316 Rosales, J.L., “The Pioneer Anomaly: the measure of a topological phase defect of light in cosmology”, in Favata, F., Sanz-Forcada, J., Giménez, A. and Battrick, B., eds., 39th ESLAB Symposium on Trends in Space Science and Cosmic Vision 2020, 19 – 21 April 2005, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA Special Publications, SP-588, p. 263, (ESA Publications Division, Nordwijk, 2005). [External LinkADS].
317 Rosales, J.L. and Sánchez-Gómez, J.-L., “A possible cosmologigal origen of the indicated anomalous acceleration in Pioneer 10/11 orbital data analysis”, arXiv e-print, (1998). [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/9810085v2].
318 Rosborough, G.W. and Antreasian, P.G., “Radiation force modeling for the Topex/Poseidon spacecraft”, in AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Conference, Portland, OR, August 20–22, 1990, Technical Papers, Part 1, (AIAA, Washington, DC, 1990).
319 Rubakov, V.A. and Tinyakov, P.G., “Infrared-modified gravities and massive gravitons”, Usp. Fiz. Nauk, 178(8), 785–822, (2008). [External LinkarXiv:0802.4379 [hep-th]].
320 Saffari, R. and Rahvar, S., “f(R) gravity: From the Pioneer anomaly to cosmic acceleration”, Phys. Rev. D, 77, 104028, (2008). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0708.1482].
321 Sanders, R.H., “Anti-gravity and galaxy rotation curves”, Astron. Astrophys., 136, L21–L23, (1984). [External LinkADS].
322 Sanders, R.H., “Solar system constraints on multifield theories of modified dynamics”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 370, 1519–1528, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0602161].
323 Sanders, R.H., “Modified Gravity Without Dark Matter”, in Papantonopoulos, L., ed., The Invisible Universe: Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Lecture Notes in Physics, 720, p. 375, (Springer, Berlin; New York, 2007). [External LinkADS].
324 Schär, S., Mapping and Predicting the Earth’s Ionosphere Using the Global Positioning System, Ph.D. Thesis, (University of Bern, Bern, 1999).
325 Scheffer, L.K., “A Conventional Physics Explanation for the Anomalous Acceleration of Pioneer 10/11”, arXiv e-print, (2001). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0108054].
326 Scheffer, L.K., “Support for a prosaic explanation for the anomalous acceleration of Pioneer 10 and 11”, arXiv e-print, (2001). [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0106010].
327 Scheffer, L.K., “Conventional forces can explain the anomalous acceleration of Pioneer 10”, Phys. Rev. D, 67, 084021, (2003). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0107092].
328 Scheffer, L.K., “Pioneer Thermal Questions”, First Pioneer Explorer Collaboration meeting at ISSI, Bern, Switzerland, November 7 – 11, 2005, conference paper, (2005).
329 Scheffer, L.K., “The Spin of Pioneer 10/11, with implications for the Pioneer Anomaly”, conference paper, (2008). Third Pioneer Explorer Collaboration meeting at ISSI, Bern, Switzerland, February 18 – 22, 2008.
330 Schüler, T., On Ground-Based GPS Tropospheric Delay Estimation, Ph.D. Thesis, (Universität der Bundeswehr, Munich, 2001).
331 Seidelmann, P.K., ed., Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, (University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA, 1992).
332 Sereno, M. and Jetzer, P., “Solar and stellar system tests of the cosmological constant”, Phys. Rev. D, 73, 063004, (2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/0602438].
333 Sidharth, B.G., “Effects of varying G”, Nuovo Cimento B, 115, 151–154, (2000). [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9904088].
334 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. V, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1971). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/V/Vtitle.htm.
335 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. III, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1971). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/III/IIItitle.htm.
336 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. IV, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1971). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/IV/IVtitle.htm.
337 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. II, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1971). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/II/IItitle.htm.
338 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. VI, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1971). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/VI/VItitle.htm.
339 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer 10 and G Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XI, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XI/XItitle.htm.
340 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer 10 and G Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. X, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/X/Xtitle.htm.
341 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer 6-9 Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. X, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/X/Xtitle.htm.
342 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer 6-9 Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. XI, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/XI/XItitle.htm.
343 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. VII, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/VII/VIItitle.htm.
344 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. VIII, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/VIII/VIIItitle.htm.
345 Siegmeth, A.J., Pioneer Mission Support, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. IX, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/IX/IXtitle.htm.
346 Sikivie, P., “Caustic rings of dark matter”, Phys. Lett. B, 432, 139–144, (1998). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9705038].
347 Simon, H.S., Mariner Mars 1971/Pioneer 10 Multi-Mission Level Modeling Runs Using the SFOF Mark IIIA Central Processing System Model, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. IX, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/IX/IXtitle.htm.
348 Simon, M.K., Bandwidth-Efficient Digital Modulation with Application to Deep-Space Communications, Deep Space Communications and Navigation Series,  3, (JPL, Pasadena, 2001). URL (accessed 20 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://descanso.jpl.nasa.gov/Monograph/series3_chapter.cfm.
349 Smith, M.A. and Dyer, J.W., “Long term prediction of roll phase for an undisturbed spinning spacecraft”, AIAA 25th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, NV, January 12 – 15, 1987, conference paper, (1987).
350 SNAP 19 Pioneer F & G Final Report, Teledyne report IESD 2873-172, Technical report no. DOE/ET/13512-T1; DE85017964, gov. doc. #E 1.9, (Teledyne Isotopes Energy Systems Division, USA, 1973).
351 Sotiriou, T.P. and Faraoni, V., “f(R) theories of gravity”, Rev. Mod. Phys., 82, 451–497, (2010). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0805.1726 [gr-qc]].
352 Sovers, O.J., Fanselow, J.L. and Jacobs, C.S., “Astrometry and geodesy with radio interferometry: experiments, models, results”, Rev. Mod. Phys., 70, 1393–1454, (1998). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9712238].
353 Sovers, O.J. and Jacobs, C.S., Observation Model and Parameter Partials for the JPL VLBI Parameter Estimation Software ‘MODEST’–1996 (Rev. 6), JPL Publication, 83-39, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1996).
354 Space Pioneers: And Where They Are Now, EP-264, (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1987).
355 Spergel, D.N., et al. (WMAP Collaboration), “Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) three year results: Implications for cosmology”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 170, 377, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0603449].
356 Spradlin, G.L., DSN Tracking System Mark III-1979, DSN Progress Report, 42-56, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1980). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/42-56/56title.htm.
357 Standish, E.M., “Planetary and Lunar Ephemerides: testing alternate gravitational theories”, in Macias, A., Lämmerzahl, C. and Camacho, A., eds., Recent Developments in Gravitation and Cosmology, AIP Conf. Proc., 977, pp. 254–263, (American Institute of Physics, Melville, NJ, 2008). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
358 Standish, E.M., “Testing alternate gravitational theories”, in Klioner, S.A., Seidelmann, P.K. and Soffel, M.H., eds., Relativity in Fundamental Astronomy: Dynamics, Reference Frames, and Data Analysis, Proceedings IAU Symposium No. 261, 22 April – 1 May 2009, Virginia Beach, VA, USA, Proc. IAU, 261, pp. 179–182, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; New York, 2010). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS].
359 Standish, E.M., Newhall, X.X., Williams, J.G. and Yeomans, D.K., “Orbital Ephemerides of the Sun, Moon, and Planets”, in Seidelmann, P.K., ed., Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, pp. 279–323, (University Science Books, Mill Valley, 1992).
360 Standish, E.M. and Williams, J.G., “Orbital Ephemerides of the Sun, Moon, and Planets”, unknown status. Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://iau-comm4.jpl.nasa.gov/XSChap8.pdf.
361 Standish Jr, E.M., “Conversion of positions and proper motions from B1950.0 to the IAU system at J2000.0”, Astron. Astrophys., 115, 20–22, (1982). [External LinkADS].
362 Stein, C.K., DSN System Testing: A Critical Review of the Pioneer 10 Test Program, JPL Technical Report 32-1526, vol. X, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1972). Online version (accessed 3 June 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report2/X/Xtitle.htm.
363 Stern, S.A., “Signatures of collisions in the Kuiper Disk”, Astron. Astrophys., 310, 999–1010, (1996). [External LinkADS].
364 Stimpson, L.D. and Jaworski, W., “Effects of Overlaps, Stitches, and Patches on Multilayer Insulation”, AIAA 7th Thermophysics Conference, conference paper, (1972).
365 Stochl, R.J., Basic performance of a multilayer insulation system containing 20 to 160 layers, NASA Technical Notes, NASA TN D-7659, (NASA, Washington, DC, 1974). Online version (accessed 25 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19740014296.
366 Sundrum, R., “Towards an effective particle-string resolution of the cosmological constant problem”, J. High Energy Phys., 1999(07), 001, (1999). [External LinkDOI], [External Linkhep-ph/9708329].
367 Sutton, G.P., Rocket Propulsion Elements: An Introduction to the Engineering of Rockets, (Wiley, New York, 1992), 6th edition.
368 Tangen, K., “Could the Pioneer anomaly have a gravitational origin?”, Phys. Rev. D, 76, 042005, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0602089].
369 TDA Progress Report, TDA Progress Report, 42-63, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1981). Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://ipnpr.jpl.nasa.gov/progress_report/42-63/63title.htm.
370 Telemetry Calibration Data for Pioneer F, BFEC/ARC-037, (BENDIX Field Engineering Corporation, USA, 1972).
371 Teplitz, V.L., Stern, S.A., Anderson, J.D., Rosenbaum, D., Scalise, R.J. and Wentzler, P., “Infrared Kuiper Belt Constraints”, Astrophys. J., 516, 425–435, (1999). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkastro-ph/9807207].
372 Teren, F., Analysis of broken plane trajectories for the Pioneer-F mission, NASA Technical Memorandum, TM X-2024, (NASA, Washington, DC, 1970).
373 Thorne, K.S. and Will, C.M., “Theoretical Frameworks for Testing Relativistic Gravity. I. Foundations”, Astrophys. J., 163, 595, (1971). [External LinkADS].
374 Thornton, C.L. and Border, J.S., Radiometric Tracking Techniques for Deep-Space Navigation, Deep Space Communications and Navigation Series,  1, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 2000). URL (accessed 20 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://descanso.jpl.nasa.gov/Monograph/series1_section.cfm.
375 Tortora, P., Graziani, A. and Melloni, S., “Doppler analysis capabilities in Bologna”, Second Pioneer Explorer Collaboration meeting at ISSI, Bern, Switzerland, February 19 – 23, 2007, conference paper, (2007).
376 Toth, V.T., “Pioneer spacecraft thermal analysis”, Second Pioneer Explorer Collaboration meeting at ISSI, Bern, Switzerland, February 19 – 23, 2007, conference paper, (2007).
377 Toth, V.T., “Independent analysis of the orbits of Pioneer 10 and 11”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 18, 717, (2009). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0901.3466 [physics.space-ph]].
378 Toth, V.T. and Turyshev, S.G., “The Pioneer anomaly: seeking an explanation in newly recovered data”, Can. J. Phys., 84, 1063–1087, (2006). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0603016].
379 Toth, V.T. and Turyshev, S.G., “Pioneer Anomaly: Evaluating Newly Recovered Data”, in Macías, A., Lämmerzahl, C. and Camacho, A., eds., Recent Development in Gravitation and Cosmology, 3rd Mexican Meeting on Mathematical and Experimental Physics, Mexico City, Mexico, 10 – 14 September 2007, AIP Conf. Proc., 977, pp. 264–283, (American Institute of Physics, Melville, NJ, 2008). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0710.2656 [gr-qc]].
380 Toth, V.T. and Turyshev, S.G., “Thermal recoil force, telemetry, and the Pioneer anomaly”, Phys. Rev. D, 79, 043011, (2009). [External LinkDOI].
381 Trencevski, K., “Time dependent gravitational potential in the universe and some consequences”, Gen. Relativ. Gravit., 37, 507, (2005). [External LinkDOI].
382 Troposphere Model, IERS Technical Note, No. 32, (IERS, Frankfurt am Main, 1999).
383 TRW Systems Group, Study of Pioneer Missions to Jupiter, Final Report, Volume 1, 11339-6003-R0-00, (NASA, Redondo Beach, CA, 1968). Online version (accessed 26 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19690010484.
384 TRW Systems Group, Pioneer F & G Spacecraft/RTG Reentry Breakup Study, 12356-6001-R0-00, (NASA, Moffett Field, CA, 1970). Online version (accessed 27 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/2060/19800072741.
385 TRW Systems Group, Pioneer F/G Thermal Control Subsystem Design Review Number 3, (USA, 1971).
386 TRW Systems Group, Pioneer Project Flights F and G Final Report, PFG. 100.151, (USA, 1973).
387 Turyshev, S.G., Relativistic Navigation: A Theoretical Foundation, NASA JPL Publication, 96-13, (JPL, Pasadena, CA, 1996). [External Linkgr-qc/9606063].
388 Turyshev, S.G., “Experimental Tests of General Relativity”, Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci., 58, 207–248, (2008). [External LinkarXiv:0806.1731 [gr-qc]].
389 Turyshev, S.G., “Experimental Tests of General Relativity: Recent Progress and Future Directions”, Usp. Fiz. Nauk, 179, 3–34, (2009). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:0809.3730 [gr-qc]].
390 Turyshev, S.G., Anderson, J.D., Laing, P.A., Lau, E.L., Liu, A.S. and Nieto, M.M., “The Apparent Anomalous, Weak, Long-Range Acceleration of Pioneer 10 and 11”, in Dumarchez, J. and Trân Than Vân, J., eds., Gravitational Waves and Experimental Gravity, Proceedings of the XXXIVth Rencontres de Moriond, Les Arcs, France, January 23 – 30, 1999, pp. 481–486, (World Publishers, Hanoi, Vietnam, 2000). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/9903024].
391 Turyshev, S.G., Nieto, M.M. and Anderson, J.D., “A Route to Understanding of the Pioneer Anomaly”, in Chen, P., Bloom, E., Madejski, G. and Petrosian, V., eds., Proceedings of the 22nd Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, Stanford, CA, December 13 – 17 2004, econf C041213, (Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 2004). [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0503021]. Online version (accessed 19 May 2010):
External Linkhttp://www.slac.stanford.edu/econf/C041213/.
392 Turyshev, S.G., Nieto, M.M. and Anderson, J.D., “Study of the Pioneer anomaly: a problem set”, Am. J. Phys., 73, 1033–1044, (2005). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:physics/0502123].
393 Turyshev, S.G., Nieto, M.M. and Anderson, J.D., “The Pioneer anomaly and its implications”, in Mamon, G.A., Combes, F., Deffayet, C. and Fort, B., eds., Mass Profiles and Shapes of Cosmological Structures, 21st IAP Colloquium, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, France, July 4 – 9, 2005, EAS Publications Series,  20, pp. 243–250, (EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, France, 2006). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkarXiv:gr-qc/0510081].
394 Turyshev, S.G., Nieto, M.M. and Anderson, J.D., “Lessons learned from the Pioneers 10/11 for a mission to test the Pioneer anomaly”, Adv. Space Res., 39, 291–296, (2007). [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External Linkgr-qc/0409117].