Vol. 15 (2012) > lrr-2012-9

doi: 10.12942/lrr-2012-9
Living Rev. Relativity 15 (2012), 9

Continuum and Discrete Initial-Boundary Value Problems and Einstein's Field Equations

1 Instituto de Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Edificio C-3, Ciudad Universitaria, 58040 Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico
2 Center for Scientific Computation and Mathematical Modeling, Department of Physics, Joint Space Sciences Institute. Maryland Center for Fundamental Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

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Article Abstract

Many evolution problems in physics are described by partial differential equations on an infinite domain; therefore, one is interested in the solutions to such problems for a given initial dataset. A prominent example is the binary black-hole problem within Einstein's theory of gravitation, in which one computes the gravitational radiation emitted from the inspiral of the two black holes, merger and ringdown. Powerful mathematical tools can be used to establish qualitative statements about the solutions, such as their existence, uniqueness, continuous dependence on the initial data, or their asymptotic behavior over large time scales. However, one is often interested in computing the solution itself, and unless the partial differential equation is very simple, or the initial data possesses a high degree of symmetry, this computation requires approximation by numerical discretization. When solving such discrete problems on a machine, one is faced with a finite limit to computational resources, which leads to the replacement of the infinite continuum domain with a finite computer grid. This, in turn, leads to a discrete initial-boundary value problem. The hope is to recover, with high accuracy, the exact solution in the limit where the grid spacing converges to zero with the boundary being pushed to infinity. The goal of this article is to review some of the theory necessary to understand the continuum and discrete initial boundary-value problems arising from hyperbolic partial differential equations and to discuss its applications to numerical relativity; in particular, we present well-posed initial and initial-boundary value formulations of Einstein's equations, and we discuss multi-domain high-order finite difference and spectral methods to solve them.

Keywords: Partial differential equations, Boundary value problems

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Since a Living Reviews in Relativity article may evolve over time, please cite the access <date>, which uniquely identifies the version of the article you are referring to:

Olivier Sarbach and Manuel Tiglio,
"Continuum and Discrete Initial-Boundary Value Problems and Einstein's Field Equations",
Living Rev. Relativity 15,  (2012),  9. URL (cited on <date>):

Article History

ORIGINAL http://www.livingreviews.org/lrr-2012-9
Title Continuum and Discrete Initial-Boundary Value Problems and Einstein's Field Equations
Author Olivier Sarbach / Manuel Tiglio
Date accepted 2 May 2012, published 27 August 2012
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