From the action on vectorfields we can obtain the action on tensors of arbitrary valence in the usual way.
Next we consider the curvature tensor. It is useful to split the Riemann tensor into several pieces which transform differently under conformal rescalings. We write
The tensor is, of course, Weyl's conformal tensor, characterised by the property of having the same symmetries as the Riemann tensor with all traces vanishing. The other piece, the tensor , can be uniquely expressed in terms of the Ricci tensor
The tensor is proportional to the trace-free part of the Ricci tensor, while is a multiple of the scalar curvature.
Under the conformal rescaling , the different parts of the curvature transform as follows:
Thus, the Weyl tensor is invariant under conformal rescalings. When is expressed entirely in terms of the transformed quantities we get the relation
from which we can deduce (note that the contractions are performed with the transformed metric)
Next consider the Bianchi identity . Inserting the decomposition (105) and taking appropriate traces allows us to write it as two equations,
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