Three global existence theorems have been proved in Newtonian cosmology. The first  is an analogue of the cosmic no hair theorem (cf. Section 5.1) and concerns models with a positive cosmological constant. It asserts that homogeneous and isotropic models are nonlinearly stable if the matter is described by dust or a polytropic fluid with pressure. Thus, it gives information about global existence and asymptotic behaviour for models arising from small (but finite) perturbations of homogeneous and isotropic data. The second and third results concern collisionless matter and the case of vanishing cosmological constant. The second  says that data that constitute a periodic (but not necessarily small) perturbation of a homogeneous and isotropic model that expands indefinitely give rise to solutions that exist globally in the future. The third  says that the homogeneous and isotropic models in Newtonian cosmology that correspond to a k =-1 Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model in general relativity are non-linearly stable.
|Theorems on Existence and Global Dynamics for the
Alan D. Rendall
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