Go to previous page Go up Go to next page

8.3 Consistency relation

Our new choice of the dipole moments of the stars is in a sense natural. To see this, let us consider the harmonic condition:
[ ] ∮ τμ 4∑ P˙τA riA( τ i 2 ˙i i) ∑ --dSi-- ( τi i ττ) 0 = h ,μ = 4ε r + r3 PAv A+ ε D A− PA + |⃗x − ⃗y| ΛN − vAΛN ..., (177 ) A=1,2 A A A=1,2 ∂BA ∑ P˙i ∑ ∮ dSj ( ) 0 = hiμ,μ = 4ε4 --A + ------- ΛijN − vjA ΛτNi + ..., (178 ) A=1,2 rA A=1,2 ∂BA |⃗x − ⃗y|
where “...” are irrelevant terms. These equations are a manifestation of the fact that the harmonic condition is consistent with the evolution equation for PAτ, the momentum-velocity relation, and the equations of motion (and relations among higher multipole moments, hidden in “...”). Thus if the logarithmic dependence of εRA arises from the second term of Equation (178View Equation), P i A must have the same logarithmic dependence (times minus sign) to ensure harmonicity. This and the momentum velocity relation in turn mean τ PA, i i vA = ˙zA, or i D A have corresponding logarithmic dependence. Since we already know that the P τA have no logarithm up to 3 PN order, ziA or DiA should have logarithms. This is consistent with the fact that a choice of DiA determines ziA. zi A depends on logarithms if the old choice is taken, while it does not if our new choice is taken.

There is yet another fact which supports our interpretation. Let us retain i D A ⁄= 0 for a while. We then find that the near zone dipole moment DiN defined by a volume integral of ΛτNτyi becomes

∫ ∑ ∑ ∫ ε2DiN ≡ ε−4 d3y Λ ττN yi = P τAziA + ε2 DiA + ε− 4 d3y ΛτNτyi. (179 ) N A=1,2 A=1,2 N ∕B
Then if we take the old choice of i D A, the volume integral becomes
∫ ∑ ( ) d3yΛ τNτyi = ε4 22- m3AaiA ln -r12- + ..., (180 ) N∕B 3 A=1,2 εRA
where terms denoted by “...” have no logarithmic dependence. Notice that the near zone dipole moment can be freely determined, say, DiN = 0, because we can define the origin of the near zone freely. By taking temporal derivatives twice of Di N, we see that Di A,new gives a natural definition of the center of the mass in terms of which the 3 PN equations of motion are independent of εRA.
  Go to previous page Go up Go to next page