Living Reviews in Relativity

"History of Astroparticle Physics and its Components"
Vanessa Cirkel-Bartelt  

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1 Introduction
2 The Beginnings
2.1 State of research: a brief survey
2.2 Röntgen and cathode rays
2.3 Ionization of air
2.4 Hess’ “discovery” of cosmic rays
2.5 Wilson chamber
2.6 Showers of cosmic rays
2.7 Detection of new particles
2.8 Theoretical approaches
3 Technical Improvement and its Meaning
3.1 Wulf’s apparatus and its version by Kohlhörster
3.2 The Geiger counter and the coincidence method
3.3 Balloons for cosmic rays: the beginning of spaceflight?
3.4 High altitude observatories
3.5 The photographic emulsion technique
3.6 Bubble chambers, spark-chamber detectors and drift chambers
3.7 Computers
3.8 Particle accelerators
4 New Fields of Physics – An End to Cosmic-Ray Studies?
4.1 After World War II
4.2 X-rays and gamma-rays of cosmic origin
4.3 Dark matter and dark energy
4.4 Radio astronomy and its offspring
4.5 Neutrinos
5 Development of Modern Astroparticle Physics
5.1 The First International School
5.2 Astroparticle physics and its current scientific standing
5.3 Theory formation
6 Historical Questions and Philosophical Implications:
a Brief Overview
6.1 Historical questions
6.2 Philosophical implications
7 Conclusion
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