Living Reviews in Relativity

"Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology
with Gravitational Waves"
by
B.S. Sathyaprakash and Bernard F. Schutz  

Hide Subsections

Abstract
1 A New Window onto the Universe
1.1 Birth of gravitational astronomy
1.2 What this review is about
2 Gravitational Wave Observables
2.1 Gravitational field vs gravitational waves
2.2 Gravitational wave polarizations
2.3 Direction to a source
2.4 Amplitude of gravitational waves – the quadrupole approximation
2.5 Frequency of gravitational waves
2.6 Luminosity in gravitational waves
3 Sources of Gravitational Waves
3.1 Man-made sources
3.2 Gravitational wave bursts from gravitational collapse
3.3 Gravitational wave pulsars
3.4 Radiation from a binary star system
3.5 Quasi-normal modes of a black hole
3.6 Stochastic background
4 Gravitational Wave Detectors and Their Sensitivity
4.1 Principles of the operation of resonant mass detectors
4.2 Principles of the operation of beam detectors
4.3 Practical issues of ground-based interferometers
4.4 Detection from space
4.5 Characterizing the sensitivity of a gravitational wave antenna
4.6 Source amplitudes vs sensitivity
4.7 Network detection
4.8 False alarms, detection threshold and coincident observation
5 Data Analysis
5.1 Matched filtering and optimal signal-to-noise ratio
5.2 Suboptimal filtering methods
5.3 Measurement of parameters and source reconstruction
6 Physics with Gravitational Waves
6.1 Speed of gravitational waves
6.2 Polarization of gravitational waves
6.3 Gravitational radiation reaction
6.4 Black hole spectroscopy
6.5 The two-body problem in general relativity
6.6 Tests of general relativity
7 Astrophysics with Gravitational Waves
7.1 Interacting compact binaries
7.2 Black hole astrophysics
7.3 Neutron star astrophysics
7.4 Multimessenger gravitational-wave astronomy
8 Cosmology with Gravitational Wave Observations
8.1 Detecting a stochastic gravitational wave background
8.2 Origin of a random background of gravitational waves
8.3 Cosmography: gravitational wave measurements of cosmological parameters
9 Conclusions and Future Directions
10 Acknowledgements
Open References References
Footnotes
Figures
Tables