List of Biographies
- Richard L. Arnowitt (1928 –) stayed at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton 1954 – 1956. Later
Professor at Northeastern University in Boston and at Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas.
There, “Distinguished Professor Emeritus” (2007). He co-developed the ADM-formalism essential for
recasting Einstein-gravity into the Hamiltonian formalism. His publications include as diverse topics as the
many body theory of liquid Helium and supergravity grand unification.
- Gaganbihari Bandyopadhyay (? – ?).
Formerly at Government College, Darjeeling, assistant professor of mathematics, Indian Institute of
Technology, Kharakpur, and then Professor at the University of Calcutta in the Department of Applied
Mathematics. Now retired.
- Valentine Bargmann (1908 – 1989) was born in Berlin and began his
studies there. In 1933, he moved to Zurich and received his doctorate with G. Wentzel. After
his emigration to the United States he became assistant of A. Einstein at the Institute for
Advanced Study (PIAS) from 1937 to 1946. From 1946 on he joined the faculty of Princeton
University as a mathematician until retirement. Among his interests were the representation
theory of and the foundation and applications of Hilbert space representations by
holomorphic functions (Bargmann spaces) .
- This is Satyendra Nath Bose (1894 – 1974) of the Einstein–Bose statistics.
- Hans A. Buchdahl (1919 – 2010), born in Mainz, Germany; sent to London in
1933 for higher education by his parents in view of the Nazi rule. After having obtained his degree at the
London College of Science, in 1939, he was detained as a German National and deported to Australia in
1940. His abilities in mathematics were recognized soon and he became teaching assistant at the University
of Tasmania in Hobart, part-time lecturer and research physicist. He received a doctorate there in 1948 and
a DSc from Imperial College, London, in 1956. As a reader in Tasmania, he was called to become professor
and head of the Department of Theoretical Physics at the Australian National University, in 1963 until
retirement in 1984. His broad interests included geometrical optics, thermodynamics, theories of
gravitation as well as tensor and spinor analysis. He wrote well received books in all of these fields.
- Albert Crumeyrolle (1919 – 1992), after his work on unified field theory, gave
important contributions to spinor structures and Clifford algebras. He was Professor at the University Paul
Sabatier in Toulouse.
- Bruno Finzi (1899 – 1974).
Graduation in 1919/20 in mathematics and industrial engineering at the University of Pavia.
1922 assistant of the mathematical physicist Umberto Cisotti at the Polytechnical Institute of
Milano (Technical University). Professor of rational mechanics at the University of Milano
in 1931 and later director of the mathematical Institute of the Politechnico. Contributions
to classical fluid dynamics and aeronautics as well as to space-time-geometry. Established a
sizeable school of reserchers in UFT.
- Henry Thomas Flint (1890 – 1971) obtained a MSc from the University of
Birmingham. After the first world war, he gained his DSc from the University of London while
being a lecturer in physics at King’s College London. Flint was appointed Professor of Physics
at Bedford University of London in 1944 and stayed thereuntil 1956.
- Pierre-V. Grosjean (1912 – 2007), a Belgian
mathematician, lived an uncommon life. After twenty years in the Congo as statistician for a mining
business, meteorologist, and professor at a university there, he wrote his dissertation in Liège
and then subsequently became a lecturer at the universities of Tunis, Caen and Rabat. He
was elected full professor at the University of Mons, Belgium in 1968 where he stayed until
retirement. He was also a writer with, among others, a book about his time in the Congo and
three detective novels. He fought for the recognition of the Armenian genocide in Turkey after
World War I.
- Roland Guy(1919 – 2006). A Swiss mathematical physicist who had written a doctoral
thesis in Paris and later taught at the University of Montreal. His specialty besides differential
geometry was the field of integral equations.
- Václav Hlavatý (1894 – 1969), mathematician, born in Czechoslovakia. PhD
Charles University, Prague, 1922; post doctoral studies at universities in Holland, Rome, Paris
and Oxford; professor of mathematics at Charles University, 1930 – 1948; visiting professor at
Princeton University at the invitation of Albert Einstein, 1937 – 1938; a member of the Czech
Socialist Party, entered politics in 1946; member of the Czech parliament in 1947; refused to sign
Communist loyalty oath and left Czechoslovakia in 1948; taught one semester at the Sorbonne,
1948. In the fall of 1948 he accepted a professorship of mathematics at Indiana University.
- Pascual Jordan (1902 – 1980) was the only pioneer of quantum
(matrix-) mechanics and quantum field theory who was not awarded a Nobel Prize unlike M. Born,
W. Heisenberg and P. A. M. Dirac. After having been an assistant of R. Courant and M. Born in
Göttingen and lecturer in Hamburg, in 1929 he became professor in Rostock; in 1944 he succeeded
M. v. Laue at the (now Humboldt) University of Berlin. Due to his intellectual support of the
Nazi-movement, after the second world war he had to wait until 1953 before again becoming full
professor at the university of Hamburg. Apart from theoretical physics, Jordan also contributed to
mathematics (Jordan algebras) and, less successfully, to biology and geology.
- Bruria Kaufman(-Harris) (1918 – 2010) received an MA from Hebrew
University (Jerusalem) in 1938 and a PhD from Columbia University, New York in 1948. During the
late 1940s she collaborated with Lars Onsager, and then from 1950 until the mid 1950s with
Albert Einstein. Her own interests were, e.g., the application of spinor analysis to physical
problems, and special functions seen from the angle of Lie algebra. Her 2nd marriage, in 1996,
with Nobel prize winner W. Lamb ended in divorce.
- Behram Kursunŏglu
(1922 – 2003) graduated from the University of Edinburgh and received his doctoral degree in physics at the
University of Cambridge. During the period of 1956 – 1958, he served as the dean of the Faculty of Nuclear
Sciences and Technology at Middle East Technical University, Ankara. He held several teaching
positions in the United States and, since 1958, a professorship at the University of Miami. In
1965, he was one of the co-founders of the Center for Theoretical Studies of the University of
Miami, of which he became the first director.
- André Lichnerowicz (1915 – 1998). He received his doctorate with Georges Darmois
on general relativity in 1939. First maître de conférences at the University of Strasbourg (transfered to
Clermont-Ferrand during the German occupation), then in Paris; since 1949 professor at the faculty of
science of the university of Paris. From 1952 until retirement in 1986 he held a chair for mathematical
physics at the Collège de France in Paris. Member of the French Academy of Sciences since 1963.
1966 – 1973 president of Ministerial Commission on the Teaching of Mathematics.
- J. McConnel (1915 – 1999), since 1968 senior
professor at DIAS, 1969 to 1972 Director of the School of Theoretical Physics there.
- Ratan Shanker Mishra (1918 – ?). Professor and Head of the Department of
Mathematics at Gorakhpur and Allahabad from 1958 – 1963, and from 1963 – 1968. Head of the Department
of Mathematics and Statistics at Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi since 1968. He has been a visiting
professor in many countries, and worked and published with V. Hlavatý at Indiana University. His
interests are well characterized by the title of his book Structures in a Differentiable Manifold (1978).
- John Moffat (1932 –) He obtained his PhD with Fred Hoyle and Abdus Salam. He has
been a physics professor at the University of Toronto and also an adjunct Professor in physics at the
University of Waterloo. He is a resident affiliate member of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics,
Waterloo, Canada. His interests are alternative theories of gravitation, cosmology and (non-local) quantum
- Achilles Papapetrou (1907 – 1997) born in Northern Greece, had
studied engineering in Athens. He received his PhD in theoretical physics 1935 at Technische
Hochschule Stuttgart, Germany, under the supervision of Peter Paul Ewald. In 1946 – 1948 he
became research fellow with Schrödinger at the Institute for Advanced Study in Dublin, later in
Manchester (1948 – 1952) with P. M. S. Blackett; then professor at the Academy of Sciences,
Berlin (1952 – 1961), and at the Institut Henri Poincaré, Paris 1960 – 1977.
- Maria Pastori
(1895 – 1975). After teaching at elementary school, she entered Scuola normale superiore di Pisa and
graduated as number one. She continued teaching in middle school and in 1929 became regular assistant
in mathematics at the University of Milano. With the exception of years at the University
of Messina from 1934 to 1939, she spent her whole carrier at the university of Milano. Her
contributions were mostly in tensor analysis and differential geometry but she also was interested in
quantum mechanics and thermodynamics.
- Julius Podolanski (1905 – 1955), born in Poland grew up in
Germany (in what now is Thuringia) to where his parents had moved. He received his PhD at the university
of Jena. After having been assistant there and then with W. Heisenberg in Leipzig, although a German
citizen, due to his being of Jewish descent he could no longer work at a German university after 1933.
Jobless at first, he then could join the publisher Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig and, when
proofreading H. Kramers’ article on Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik, he discovered errors and suggested
improvements. Thus he got into contact with the impressed author. In 1937 he wrote letters to M. Born,
H. Kramers and E. Schrödinger and presented them a manuscript on a new theory aimed
at “replacing Dirac’s theory of the electron.” It unfortunately yielded two further particles,
one spinless, the other uncharged with spin 1/2. Kramers managed to get him a position as
assistant at the University of Leiden. After hiding in Utrecht during the later years of the war, he
afterwards obtained a position in Utrecht with L. Rosenfeld, and since 1948 joined him again in
- Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander
Schrödinger (1887 – 1961), Austrian theoretical physicist. He was the creator of quantum wave
mechanics with his famous “Schrödinger equation” suggested in 1926. Nobel prize in 1933.
Professor at the Universities of Stuttgart, Breslau, Zürich, Berlin, Graz, and Wien. Professor at
and director of the Dublin School of Theoretical Physics between 1940 and 1956.
- Dennis William S. Sciama (1926 – 1999) was a British physicist who had
earned his PhD in 1953 at Cambridge University with Paul Dirac. He taught at Cornell, King’s College
London, Harvard and the University of Texas at Austin, but mostly at Cambridge (1950s and 1960s) and
the University of Oxford (1970s and early 1980s). In 1983, he became professor of Astrophysics
at the International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste.
- Hsin P. Soh (Shu Xingbei) (1905 – 1983), after an education at
Chinese Universities, continued his physics and mathematics studies at the University of California in San
Francisco, at Cambridge University (with Eddington), and then at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (with D. J. Struik). He received the chair position in the Department of Mathematics of Jinan
University (Shanghai) and became professor at Zhejiang University (Hangzhou). His most famous student
is the Nobel Prize winner Tsung-Dao Lee. Soh was purged heavily as anti-revolutionary in
1958 and rehabilitated fully only in 1979.
Gabor Straus (1922 – 1983) had to leave his birthplace Munich in 1933 with his family. He
obtained his doctorate in mathematics at Columbia University in New York (1948) with Albert
Einstein as his second adviser. He became an assistant of Einstein at the Institute for Advanced
Study from 1950 – 1953. He spent his later academic career at the University of California, Los
- Yves (René) Thiry (1915-); studied physics in Strasbourg with
A. Lichnerowicz, and since the early 1960s became professor for physics at the astrophysical
institute of the University of Paris, then professor for celestial mechanics at the University Paris
VI, and corresponding member of the Academy.
- Marie-Antoinette Tonnelat,
née Baudot (1912 – 1980) first studied philosophy and then joined the group of theoretical
physics around L. de Broglie at the Institut Henri Poincaré, in 1925. She wrote her PhD
thesis with him on the “Theory of the photon in a Riemannian space” in 1939. The “second
part” of the thesis was done under the supervision of Jean Perrin on “Artificial Radioactivity”.
It seems that she received her degree only in 1941. Since 1956 she became Professeur à la
Faculté des Sciences of the University of Paris (Sorbonne); in this faculty she thus joined
her teacher L. de Broglie. Mme. Tonnelat held a diploma in the history of science and, since
1949 regularly taught courses in this field as well. She also created an interdisciplinary seminar
on the History of Sciences. Among her publications in this field, a book on the history of the
relativity principle is to be noted [645*]. In 1945 she received the prize “Pierson Perrin” and in
1970 the prize “Henri Poincaré” of the Academy of Sciences in Paris [418, 92*]. Tonnelat also
published a volume of novellas.
- Hans-Jürgen Treder
(1928 – 2006) was a theoretical physicist with an interest in general relativity, cosmology and
astrophysics. He headed the Central Institute for Astrophysics of the German Academy of Sciences
and became director of its Cosmic Physics department.
- Paolo Udeschini (1913 – 2006) Professor first at the University of Pavia (1950 – 1961);
then professor for Rational Mechanics at the University of Milano.
- Judith Winogradzki née Winterberg (1916 – 2006). She eventually became
Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Rouen.
- Robert C. Wrede (1926 – 2011) received
his PhD in 1956 with Hlavatý. He became professor at San José State University, California, 1955 – 1994.
Here, he concentrated on teaching and writing introductory mathematical textbooks. He was also active in
Wyman (1916 – 1991) PhD at the California Institute of Technology. Since 1941 lecturer in
mathematics and since 1956 full professor at the University of Alberta, Edmonton. President of this
university 1969 – 1974.
- Hans Julius Zassenhaus
(1912 – 1991) PhD 1934 University of Hamburg with Hecke and Artin. Refused professorship at
the University of Bonn in 1941. 1949 – 1959 professor at McGill University, Montreal, then at
the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, and since 1964 at Ohio State University.